Apple



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apple fruit

Apple — refers to the fruit.

In Latin name: malus

In English name: apple

Used in the home of the apple: fruitTreat the family: Pink — Rosacea

Botanical description: Wood (10-15m height), sometimes a tall bush. The tree trunk is covered with a light crust of that crack scales. Gray branches, twigs greenish-brown or slightly pubescent, often end with stout spines. Leaves 105-12 cm long, 107-7cm wide, regular, wide — or oblong-ovate, pointed up to the top, at the bottom a little zaokruglennye and gradually tapering to the wedge-shaped petiole, margin finely toothed, young leaves are densely pubescent on veins, stipules ushkopodobnye , early fall.The flowers have little flower buds zontikopodobnyh collected in a slightly shortened shoots, pedicels slightly pubescent. Flowers regular. Petals pink or white (about 2 cm long), many stamens, pistil only the lower ovary.

Flowering: May.

Refining: September — October.

The fruit Pears: Fruits globose or okrugloyaytsepodobnye in diameter (1.7-2.5 cm), yellow-green, sometimes reddish color. Seeds brown, shiny.

 Habitat: originally an apple from Central Asia. It has a lot of visibility and varieties.

Fruits contain sugar apple (8-10%), malic, tartaric and citric acid (as 1-2,4%), ammonia and nitrogen compounds, pectins, mineral substances (calcium, phosphorus, iron) tannin. In the wild apples contain twice as many vitamins than cultivars (9 to 80 mg%), it is composed of vitamin B1, pro-vitamin A and essential oil provides a pleasant fragrance is not only fresh apples, but the products of processing apples. They possess and fitontsidnymi properties.apple fruit

The constituent elements of the apple.

The composition of 100 g apples include:

Water — 85.56 g

Protein — 0.26 g

Fat — 0.17 g

Carbohydrates — 13.81 g

Food fiber — 2.4 g

Vitamins are a part of the apple:

Vitamin A (retinol) — 0 mcg

Vitamin B1 (thiamine) — 0.017 mg

Vitamin B2 — 0,026 mg

Vitamin B3 (Niacin) — 0,091 mg

Vitamin B5 — 0,061 mg

Vitamin B6 — 0.041 mg

Vitamin B9 (folacin) — 1.5 mg

Vitamin C — 4.6 mg

Vitamin E — 0.17 mg

Vitamin K — 2.2 mcg

Macronutrients that make up the apple:

Potassium — 107 mg

Sodium — 1 mg

Phosphorus — 11 mg

Calcium — 6 mg

Magnesium — 5mg

Trace elements that make up the apple:

Iron — 0.12 mg

Zinc — 0.04 mg

Fatty acids are part of the apple:

Saturated — 0,028 g

Mono-unsaturated — 0.007 g

Poly-unsaturated — 0.051 g

Energy value.

100 g of apple contains about 52 calories.

Practical use.

Food, a honey, medicine, wood, tanidonosnoe, decorative, phyto-reclamation plant. In medicine, fresh apples are used to control the action of the gastric tract. Cider and juice is used in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases of the human body, fertilized dough and sauce — perfect diet product.

Wood apple sound, reddish-brown, firm, hard, out of it made joinery and turned parts. Apple bark contains tannin and dyes, mixed with gold braid gives a yellow dye.

The use of apples.

Use of apples is that pectin contained therein lowers cholesterol in the blood, reduces the risk of blockage of blood vessels, reduces the risk of heart attacks.apple fruit

Damage to apples.

In a lot of apples can provoke colitis. Also in the bones of apples contain prussic acid. The allowable number of eaten seeds (to enrich the body with iodine) 5shtuk.

Varieties of apples.

White filling — early summer variety of apples. Medium-sized trees with fruits medium-sized green. It has a sweet and sour, sweet taste. The advantages of this type — early maturing and fruiting.

Melba — late summer variety of apples. Average height trees. Medium-sized fruit, light green color. Have a delicate, sweet and sour flavor candy flavor. Advantages of this type — high early appearance and yield.

Stark Erlist — pozdnezimny variety of apples. Vigorous trees with large fruits green. Have a creamy sweet and sour taste. Advantages of this type — high productivity and safety.

Saffron — autumn sort of apples. Vigorous trees with fruit of medium size, bright yellow. Have the cream, sour-sweet taste of dessert. The advantages of this kind — high winter hardiness, drought resistance.

Jonathan — pozdnezimny variety of apples. Average height trees with fruit middle and above-average size, greenish-yellow in color. Have a creamy, sweet — sour taste of the dessert. The advantages of this kind — a high early appearance and yield.

Golden Delicious — sort of winter ripening. Average height trees with fruit of medium size, golden-colored light green. Have a creamy, sweet, spicy, taste of dessert. The advantages of this sort — high early appearance and yield.

Reinette Simirenko — winter variety of apple. Vigorous tree with fruits of above average size, light green color. Are gentle, vinnosladky, spicy taste. The advantages of this kind — a high drought tolerance and yield.

Lomonosov — old variety of apple. Vigorous tree with the fruit of medium size, bright red color. They have a gentle, good taste. The advantages of this sort — High yield and drought resistance.apple fruit

 Smuglyanochka — old variety of apple. Average height trees with small fruits, dark magenta. Have a sweet and sour, creamy taste. Advantages etogosorta apples — high fruiting.

Veselovka — early autumn variety of apples. Medium-sized trees with fruits rounded, dark crimson. Have a creamy sweet and sour taste. The advantages of this kind — a high disease resistance, high yield.

Ligol — sort of winter ripening. Srednerosloe tree with large fruits — red carmine. Have a sweet and sour, soft — creamy taste. The advantages of this apple variety — high frost resistance and resistance to disease.

Champion — a winter variety of apple. Slaboroslyh tree with the fruit of medium size, orange-red color. Have a sweet and sour, creamy-sweet taste. The advantages of this apple variety — high winter and transportability.



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