In Latin name: Bérberis
In English name: barberry
Treat the family: Berberidaceae
Used in everyday life of the barberry: fruit
Threaded bush height of 1.2 — 2.5. Gray, arched, ribbed stems are three separate, less pyatirozdilnye spines long 2 cm Young branches yellowish-red or yellow. Leaves alternately, oval, thin or elongated, obtuse at the apex, with klinopodobnosuzhenoy basis, on the edge of ostrozubchastopylchastye, mesh bottom, with stipules. Inflorescence — drooping hands, which are placed on the tops of the shoots. Yellow flowers with a diameter of 6-8 mm. Sepals and three in flower six more lepestkopodobnyh nectaries with at two glands at the base. Six stamens, one pistil, the upper ovary.
Flowering Period: May — June
Habitat: found in Europe, Central Asia, North America, the Caucasus and the Far East.
The fruit of barberry are often eaten as fresh or after processing. The berries of barberry are preparing jams, compotes, jellies, jelly, marmalade, filling for chocolates, as well as a seasoning for fish and meat dishes. Young leaves are added to salads, green soup, pickles, etc...
Berberis fruit flavoring properties due to the presence in them of sugar (7%), vitamin C (170 mg), organic acids (about 7%). Also, the fruit of barberry contain tannin, pectin and pigments. Prepared from the fruit syrups, extracts, juices, soft drinks, which are different kind of taste.
The constituent elements of the barberry.
The composition of 100 g of barberry include:
Carbohydrates — 7.9 g
Protein — 0.2g
Fiber — 0 g
Vitamins are a part of the barberry:
Vitamin C — 500 mg
Vitamin A — 23333.3333 mg
Macronutrients that make up the barberry:
Potassium — 15.10 mg
Calcium — 7.30 mg
Magnesium — 1.10 mg
Trace elements that are part of the barberry:
Iron — 0.10 mg
Manganese — 46.90 g
Copper — 14.40 g
Zinc — 29.00 g
Cobalt — 0.72 micrograms
Molybdenum — 0.40 micrograms
Chromium — 0.40 micrograms
Bor — 67.60 g
Iodine — 0.15 mg
Aluminium — 60.40 g
Barium — 8.08 micrograms
Selenium — 0.40 mcg
Nickel — 2.88 g
Lead — 0.72 micrograms
Strontium — 2.32 micrograms
Energy value of barberry.
100 g of barberry contains about 29.6 calories.
The practical use of barberry.
Food, medicine, tanidonosnoe, a honey coloring, ornamental plant.
Barberry is a good honey plant in May — June, gives a lot of useful nectar. Honey yellow color, pleasant to the taste.
For dyeing wool in a lemon-yellow color, and the skin — a reddish-yellow color used to yell, young branches and roots of barberry. The juice of ripe berries of barberry in the mixture forms a braid with pink dye that is widely used for dyeing silk, paper, linen and wool.
Benefits of Barberry
In modern medicine, used the bark, leaves, roots of barberry. As a styptic use the leaves in obstetric practice. In the roots and bark as a means of lowering blood pressure and slows the heart rate, as cholagogue, anthelmintic, styptic after birth.
In folk medicine, the fruit of barberry are used to excite the appetite rights, improve the work of the stomach, lower blood pressure and thirst. The roots of barberry are recommended for diseases of the liver.
The best place for growing barberry is a deep, fertile, sod-podzolic soil. Barberry seedlings are planted in holes 30-40 cm wide and approximately the same depth. After that pit fall asleep fertile soil. Barberry is best planted in the fall or spring. After disembarking sure to water the plants
Types of barberry
Berberis vulgaris — (Berberisvulgaris) — a tall, large shrub with green leaves and red berries in hands. Effective in bloom when covered with buds. Seedless berries of barberry forms are recommended for processing. Fastidious to soil.
Thunberg barberry — (Berberisthunbergii) -the most beautiful deciduous barberry, which reaches a height of one meter. Simple spines up to 1 cm long, elastic and thin. Small, elegant autumn foliage is painted in red and purple tones. The fruits are bright red, mmalosedobnye, shiny, elliptical, about 1 cm. Barberry is not affected with powdery mildew and rust bread. It has sev