The name in Latin: Padus
Title in English: bird-cherry tree
Treat the family: Pink — Rosaceae
Used in everyday life of the cherry: fruit, leaves, flowers, bark, buds.
Tall shrub or small tree with gray-black bark (up to 10 m) and visible sochevikami on it. Young bark is fragrant. The shoots are light green or brownish-red, shiny. The leaves are alternate, thin, udlenennoelepticheskie (up to 12 cm in length, about 6 cm wide), a bare top, bottom, pubescent on veins, finely serrate, pointed to the top. Cuttings are short, at the bottom of the plate are two small glands, stipules linear-thyroid, glandular-toothed, early fall. The flowers are fragrant, numerous, arranged in dense drooping racemes on leafless stalks (up to 15 cm in length). A cup-shaped receptacle. A cup on the edges of the glandular, the five triangular sepals, corolla white (about 1.5 cm in diameter), five petals, many stamens, one pistil with a column one, ovary superior.
The fruit of cherry. Fruit — spherical, seeded drupe (up to 10 mm in diameter), shiny, black, rounded-ovate, folded bone.
Habitat: widespread in Russia, Western Europe and Asia.
Food, medicine, a honey, painting, Phytoncidic, decorative, woody plant.
Berries are sweet, tart cherry flavor when fully ripe astringency disappears, and fresh fruits are suitable for human consumption. But more often they are used for different processing, canned and dried. In berries of Viburnum contains sugar (to 5%), citric acid and malic acid, almond oil, tannins, glycosides, mineral compounds, volatile, vitamin C. The dried fruit is often used to make «bird cherry flour», from which prepare the filling for pies, cereal and fruit products, biscuits, etc... Often it is used together with sugar or honey, for the preparation of infusions, jelly, tea, jelly.
The constituent elements of cherry.
- The composition of 100 g cherry included.
- Fat — 0.00 g
- Protein — 8.44 g
- Carbohydrates — 16.87 g
- Water — 0.00 g
- Ash — 2.81 mg
Vitamins that make up the cherry:
- Vitamin C — 200 mg
Macronutrients that make up the cherry:
- Potassium — 13.40 mg
- Calcium — 2.20 mg
- Magnesium — 22.00 g
Trace elements that make up the cherry:
- Iron — 0.04 mg
- Manganese — 1.20 mg
- Copper — 25.00 g
- Zinc — 15.60 g
- Cobalt — 7.00 micrograms
- Chromium — 0.28 micrograms
- Aluminium -27.40 ug
- Selenium — 0.05 mcg
- Nickel — 3.08 g
- Strontium — 0.80 micrograms
- Lead — 1.80 micrograms
- Bor — 33.00
- Iodine — 0.42 mg
Energy value of cherry.
100g cherry has 100 calories.
The practical use of cherry.
In scientific medicine, the fruits are used as an astringent protivoponosnoe agent. In alternative medicine used by all parts of the plant: flowers — with eye diseases, bark — like urine and diaphoretic, leaves — for diarrhea and bronchitis, inflorescence — with broken metabolism, berries, anemia, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth. There are indications for the use of wild cherry for rheumatism, colds, fever and gout.
In the flowers and leaves are volatile, that heals the air and destroy harmful bacteria. The bark extract of brown-red and green paint used for dyeing.
Gloss cherry wood, light brownish-red in color, is used for carving and making small items.
The use of cherry.
In the bird cherry contains a huge amount of mineral salts, as well as many useful trace elements: manganese, zinc, copper, iron, magnesium and cobalt.
Bird cherry has a good antiseptic. Volatile available in the plant decontaminate the air, which allows the use of berries, leaves and bark of the tree for therapeutic purposes, as well as in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases.
Tincture of the berries were washed in diseases of the eye conjunctivitis, stomatitis rinse under the mouth, throat rinse with angina, as well as use for colds.
In the presence of infection of female genital mutilation is recommended infusion of cherry. When intestinal diseases using fresh bird cherry or broth. The tannins in the wild cherry have a good fixing property.
Decoction prepared from the bark of wild cherry, has a high antispasmodic action, and also has the ability to remove the digestive tract spasms. Also it is used as a diuretic, antipyretic and diaphoretic. It is recommended for use in colds, diseases of the cardiovascular system and the kidneys.
An infusion made from the leaves of cherry, used in the treatment of anemia, gout, bronchitis.
Fresh cherry juice used for skin lesions: ulcers and wounds, which are accompanied by inflammation and suppuration.
Flavonoids, which are contained in the bird cherry, and strengthen the walls of blood vessels, especially capillaries.
Bird cherry normalizes nervous activity, calms excessive emotionality, producing a tonic effect.
For men, it has a special effect, increasing the potency.
The damage of the tree is in its high content of hydrocyanic acid, which can cause profound poisoning of the body. The greatest amount of venom contained in the bones.
Bird cherry is contraindicated for pregnant women and women who have trouble conceiving a child.