The name in Latin Ríbes nígrum
Title in English blackcurrant
Treat the family gooseberry — Grossulariaceae
Used in everyday life of sulfuric currants fruit, leaves
The low shrub (height of about 1.5 m) with a thin, hairy, arched branches. Gray-green shoots, with small pink-brown buds. Leaves alternate, 3-5-lobed (long and up to 12cm), bare top, golden dull green, pubescent on veins. Broadly triangular lobes, often middle lobe elongated, cuttings fluffy. The flowers are drooping, collected in a 5-10-flowered brush (up to 5 cm long), slightly pubescent peduncle.
Flowers (each about 9 mm) wide receptacle, five sepals, reddish — or yellowish-gray, pointed or blunt, which bent outwards. Corolla bell-shaped, pyatipelyustkovy, four or five stamens, one pistil, semi-inferior ovary.
The fruit of the black currant Spherical black berry (diameter 10 mm) with a characteristic odor and taste.
Habitat common in Europe and North America.
Food, vitaminoznaya, drug, essential oil, a honey, Phytoncidic plant.
The berries are eaten fresh, but the main thing of value — for recycling. They are trained jam, jam, jelly, marmalade, candy, fillings for chocolates, cakes, juices, syrups, extracts, soft drinks, tea, etc. surrogate. Their canned fresh, dried, pickled, grinding and mixing with sugar. Young leaves and buds used as flavoring food products, confectionery products.
Berries contain sugar (about 11%), malic acid, succinic acid, citric acid (to 3.6%), nitrogenous, pectin, tanning agents and colorants. According to the content of vitamin C cassis is a great (up to 400 mg), with good processing berries, its content is not reduced. In berries, moreover, contains vitamin F and A flavonoid compound (raising citrine, quercetin).
Due to the great content of vitamin C in the berries of black currant, it is used for the preparation of different concentrates, preparations containing vitamin C, ascorbic acid enriched many products.
The constituent elements of black currant.
- The composition of 100 g blackcurrant includes
- Protein — 1.43 g
- Water -82 g
- Fat — 0.41 g
- Carbohydrates — 13.4 g
- Ash — 0.84 g
- Dietary fiber 2.5 g
Vitamins are a part of blackcurrant
- Vitamin B1 — 0,055 mg
- Vitamin C — 181mg
- Vitamin B3 — 0.35 mg
- Vitamin B2 — 0,056 mg
- Vitamin A — 9.23 micrograms
- Vitamin B6 — 0.067 mg
- Vitamin E — 1.53 mg
- Vitamin B5 — 0.44 mg
Macronutrients that make up the black currant
- Calcium — 55 mg
- Potassium — 322 mg
- Magnesium -24 mg
- Phosphorus — 59 mg
- Sodium — 2 mg
Trace elements that are part of blackcurrant
- Copper — 89 mcg
- Iron — 1,546 mg
- Zinc — 0.27 m
- Manganese -256.25 mg
Energy value of blackcurrant.
In 100 blackcurrants about 63 calories.
In traditional medicine, dried black currant berries are used as a diaphoretic and diuretic agents and vitamins, and syrup made from the berries is recommended to improve the taste of medicinal potions. The leaves of black currant, in large numbers, contains ascorbic acid, which is used as a vitamin remedy.
Berries and leaves in folk medicine used to make tools, enhancing appetite. Also of them make a cure for hoarse throat, metabolic disorders, whooping cough, colds, diseases of the bladder, kidney stones. In the form of a decoction of the fresh fruits and berries themselves are used for nervous and sexually transmitted diseases, scrofula and headaches. A decoction made from the branches, taking with diathesis. In young leaf buds contain essential oil (1%) and used for production of extract is used as a natural flavor.
Black currant is a good honey plant, but visited and pollinated by bees exclusively.
Black currant seeds contain about 17% fatty oils which is suitable for industrial and food purposes. The leaves and berries currants have good antibacterial property. Contained in berries and currants volatile, have the ability to decontaminate the air. Juice made from the berries of currant, has antibacterial properties.
The use of black currant.
Black currant, rightly considered pantry vitamins. Since it contains carotene, ascorbic acid, vitamin D, B, K, E, BB, PP, essential oils, organic acids, pectins, anthocyanin. Only a small handful of currants cover our daily requirement of vitamin C. It also promotes the healing diseases, and is a good way to prevent hypovitaminosis.
In order to prevent and treat scurvy should eat currants, as well as bleeding and poor blood clotting.
In alternative medicine reception currant recommended for gastritis, ulcers and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Dried leaves are very effective against dysentery, enhance the action of antibiotics. For the treatment of rheumatism, cystitis, gout, atherosclerosis, kidney stones, hypertension perfectly affect hot infusion of the leaves of black currant.
In pharmacology and the leaves of black currant. They come in a variety of formulations fees, together with the leaves of raspberry, rose hips and lingonberries. Currant fruit concoctions are used in the treatment of festering sores and wounds, as they soaked corns and calluses.
For a relaxing and toning the body to help with the bath decoction of young currant leaves and shoots.
In cosmetology, black currants, too, has been applied. It is used for making handmade soap, pulp prepared from unripe berries currants, applied to the acne and age spots, and the juice from the berries rubbed into the nail plate.
Not recommended for use in food blackberries thrombophlebitis.
Varieties of black currant
August — Middle-grade black currant. Srednerosloe shrub with large berries, black with glitter. Sweet and sour flavor with a pleasant aroma. Advantages high winter.
Kalynivka — black currant, medium-term maturity. Average height shrub with large, rounded chernymi0 berries. Taste — sweet and sour. Advantages high resistance to drought, anthracnose, powdery mildew.
Joy — currants, medium-term maturity. Vigorous shrub, semi-spreading, with large berries. It has a sweet and sour taste. Advantages winter hardiness, early appearance, high resistance to powdery mildew.
Leningrad giant — a middle-ripening varieties. Pryamorosly, tall shrub with large berries, shiny, black. Has a delicate, dessert flavor. Advantages high yield and winter hardiness, large-fruited. Suitable for mechanical harvesting
Bagheera — Middle-grade currant. Sredneraskidisty, srednerosloe shrub with large berries, sweet-sour taste. Advantages high productivity and winter hardiness, excellent portability.
Northern Lights — medium-term maturity. The average height of a bush with berries slaboraskidisty average. Taste — sweet, with currant flavor. Advantage simultaneous ripening of berries, resistance to powdery mildew.
The Little Prince — early variety currant. The average height of the bush, sredneraskidisty. Large and medium-sized berries with a sweet and sour taste. Advantage high productivity and early appearance, high resistance to disease.
Nadina — average grade of maturation bush, tall, slaboraskidisty, pryamorosly. Large berries with a sweet and sour taste. Advantages high technology, field complex disease resistance and bud mite.
Venus — the average height of the bush, the average period of maturation. Very large fruit, sweet taste. Advantages high yield and hardiness, weak susceptibility to anthracnose and powdery mildew.
Overture — a very early maturing variety. Average height, srednezaguschenny, compact shrub. Medium and large berries, black with a waxy coating. Sweet-and-sour taste, with some predominance of acidity. Advantages excellent winter hardiness, productivity, highly resistant to powdery mildew.
Tamir — sredneraskidisty, strong-growing shrub, medium-term maturity. Large berries, shiny, black. Have a sweet and sour taste with a delicate aroma. Advantages high yield, samoplodnye and hardiness. Highly resistant to bud a booth.
Kitalyk choir — currant early maturing varieties. Average height shrub with berries of medium size, dark brown in color and sour taste. Advantages resistance to bud mite, a high content of vitamin C.
Gulliver — currant early ripening. Vigorous, medium thickness, slaboraskidisty bush. Very large fruit, sweet-sour taste. Advantages resistant to disease, stress factors, bud mite.
Extreme sports — the average period of ripening berries. Sprawling, srednerosloe shrub with very large berries, black slaboblestyaschie with a waxy coating. It has a sweet and sour, taste deflating. Advantages stable, high yield, high winter hardiness, resistance to bud mite.