In Latin name: Rubus
In English Name: Blackberry
Treat the family: Pink — Rosaceae
Used in the home of the Blackberry: fruit, leaves
Shrub short in height from 0.5 to 1.5 m Annual shoots arcuate curved, cylindrical, with a bluish bloom, densely covered with straight or curved spines. Bending down to the surface of the soil, shoot tips are able to take root. The leaves are trifoliate, with both sides sparsely hairy, wide lanceolate stipules, at the edge of the leaves are toothed notching wrong. Flowers are white, very large (up to three centimeters in diameter), are collected in sparse schitkochki, the flower stalks are long, thin. Sepals and petals four or five. A lot of pistils and stamens, the upper ovary.
Flowering Period: May — August
Cranberry fruit: fruit — a complex drupe (a diameter of about 1 cm), covered with a bluish bloom juicy, dull black. Bone, flattened hook with a pointed tip.
Habitat: native to Eurasia and North America.
Food, a honey, medicine, fodder, coloring, decorative, tanidonosnoe, plant.
The fruits are eaten fresh and dried. Of blackberries cooked jelly, jellies, compotes, jams, preserves, marmalades, candied fruit, filling for cakes, candy and syrups, juices, smoothies, extracts a substitute for tea, and so on. Fruits contain sugar (7%), citric, cocktails, salicylic acid and tartaric acid (1%), mineral substances, nitrogenous compounds and tannins, vitamins E, C and carotene. The seeds are about 12% fatty oil.
The constituent elements of blackberries.
The composition of 100 g blackberries includes:
- Water — 85.15 g
- Protein -1.39 g
- 0.39 g fat
- -7.46 G carbohydrates
- -5.3 G dietary fiber
- Ash -0.484 g
- Mono-and disaccharides, — 4.88 g
Vitamins are a part of blackberry:
- Vitamin B1 — 0,029 mg
- Vitamin C — 21 mg
- Vitamin E — 0.71 mg
- Vitamin A — 16 mg
- Vitamin B3 — 0.45 mg
- Vitamin B5 — 0,244 mg
- Vitamin B2 -0.045 mg
- Vitamin B9 — 34 mcg
- Vitamin B6 — 0.058 mg
Macronutrients that make up the Blackberry:
- Calcium — 39.2 mg
- Magnesium — 20.5 mg
- Potassium — 196 mg
- Phosphorus — 21 mg
- Sodium — 1 mg
Trace elements that make up the Blackberry:
- Iron — 0.57 mg
- Zinc — 0.275 mg
- Copper — 0.41 mg
- Manganese — 1.293 mg
- Selenium — 0.65 mcg
Energy value of blueberries.
In alternative medicine blackberries long been valued as a blood-purifying, sedative, improves peristalsis. They are used for the treatment of intestinal catarrh, with bloody diarrhea, pain in the stomach. They are considered antiseptic agent. Leaflets blackberry tree in conjunction with horsetail grass, marigold flowers, oak bark, and verbena are used for herpes, skin inflammation, fungal diseases, eczema. Dug in the spring roots, cooked with honey, it is recommended to use from dropsy. The leaves are used as a diaphoretic and anti-scorbutic funds, as well as a gargle made from the leaves of powder — for filling the wounds on the body.
Blackberry is an excellent honey plant, as it gives a lot of nectar and pollen. Blackberry honey is clear and bright, with no pronounced flavor. Medoproduktivnost 20-25kg per hectare. Shoots and leaves contain tannin blackberry (4-7%). They are suitable for tanning hides. The juice from the fruit of the acid gives a red color, and with alkali — blue. It is suitable for dyeing fabric in brown — purple, pale pink, violet colors.
Benefits of Blackberry
Useful properties of blackberries are in a favorable impact on some systems of the human body. So, for example berries, which contain antioxidants and vitamins, are needed to support the vitality and immunity. With therapeutic and beneficial properties, blackberry is firmly medicine, since it contains substances that help to normalize metabolism.
Excellent antipyretic property has blackberries in the treatment of colds. Blackberry is the best substitute for natural (analog) of aspirin. For the normalization of the central nervous system, it is recommended to use the berries for human consumption, as well as to improve sleep, blood circulation of the brain, strengthening the memory. Also contributing to the treatment of joint diseases and diabetes.
In addition, the blackberry fruit contains substances that inhibit the development of cancer. Young leaves of blackberry bushes are widely used in folk medicine. For example, the leaves are used for gastric and duodenal ulcers, a variety of food poisoning, for prophylaxis. Also noted the use of blackberries in diseases of the urinary bladder.
If excessive use of blackberries in the human body, it is possible the development of small bowel disease. Blackberry juice is recommended to eat fruit instead of individual intolerance. In the afternoon, the acidity, it is worth to take no more than one cup blackberry juice. If excessive use of blackberries can suffer kidney.