In English Name: blueberry
Treat the family: Ericaceae
Used in everyday life of blueberry: fruit, leaves
Very branched shrub height from 30 to 120 cm, with a dark gray or brownish bark. Stems are erect, cylindrical, spherical. Leaves are alternate, entire, very variable in size (length 0,7-5 cm long, 0,4-3 cm), on short stalks. Leaves lanceolate to ovate back, on top of a dark bluish-green, below a bright, bluish-green, with strongly raised without the slightest. At the tops of last year's shoots are placed flowers (two or three, rarely one), peduncle much longer than the flower, with two bracts. Flowers regular, fused with a double perianth. Calyx 4-5-toothed, green, corolla whitish-pink, with four or five teeth. 8-10 stamens, one pistil with inferior ovary.
The fruit of a blueberry. Fruit — berry, oval or pear-long 9-12 mm. The fruit of blue with a bluish bloom, inside contains a greenish pulp. Seeds numerous, light brown, pointed, with a mesh skin.
Habitat: common in Eurasia, North America
Food, vitaminoznoe, medicine, a honey, tanidonosnoe, ornamental plant.
Blueberries are consumed not only fresh, but also dried and canned form. They are trained jellies, compotes, mousse, jelly, jam, jam, jam, candy. They are trained various non-alcoholic beverages (kvass, fruit drinks, etc.). Fresh fruits consumed with milk, cheese, rubbed with sugar.
Berries include carbohydrates, malic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid solution (about 2%), pigments and tannins (about 2%), pectin, manganese and iron. The seeds contain oil blueberry (28-32%). The berries are high in vitamin C (about 28%), which is stored in the processing, carotene, vitamin PP. On biochemical indicators are not inferior blueberries. The berries get the catechins and anthocyanins (R-active compounds).
The constituent elements of a blueberry.
The composition of 100 g of blueberries include:
- Water — 88.2 g
- Fat — 0.52 g
- Carbohydrates — 7.98 g
- Ash — 0.32 g
- Dietary fiber — 1.23 g
- Organic Acid — 1.65 g
- Mono-and disaccharides — 7.3 g
Vitamins are a part of blueberries:
- Vitamin C — 16 mg
- Vitamin B1 — 0.02 mg
- Vitamin E — 0.57 mg
- Vitamin A -0.31 mg
- Vitamin B2 — 0,022 mg
- Vitamin PP — 0.33 mg
- Vitamin K — 19 mg
Macronutrients that make up the blueberries:
- Calcium — 16 mg
- Magnesium — 7.33 mg
- Potassium — 51.2 mg
- Phosphorus — 8.2 mg
- Sodium — 5.98 mg
- Trace elements that make up the blueberries:
- Iron — 800 mg
Energy value of blueberries.
100 g of blueberries about 35 calories.
In medicine used leaves and blueberries. The leaves are used in heart disease, anemia, as a laxative, the berries are recommended for metabolic disorders and dysentery. In addition, they are used as an anthelmintic, broth and juice — at a fever.
The leaves contain up to 10.5% of tannin used in the industry.
Useful properties of blueberries.
What is useful in this plant? The use of this plant lies in its composition. In berries blueberries contain minerals and pectin, sugar, vitamins. As well as iron, which is completely absorbed by the human body.
It is proved that the fruits of blueberry protect the body from radiation, removal of residues and toxins salt. Eating blueberries affect the activity of the stomach and intestines. Brings enormous benefits of blueberries and circulatory system by strengthening the walls of blood vessels and improving the process of hematopoiesis.
Produces a positive effect on the nervous system, as it has a calming effect. Also enhances the effect of the use of blueberry sugar-reducing drugs for diabetes.
Blueberries has great antibacterial action. The fruits also serve as prevention of infectious diseases, dysentery. Blueberry juice is a very useful drink. Blueberries are a good natural antioxidant and a revitalizing, restorative, tonic, the effect on the human body.
The main property of the Dove — the ability to break down fats.
Damage to blueberry
When used blueberries in large quantities may appear headache, vomiting and nausea.
Blueberry Garden is a close relative of the blueberry. The fruits of blueberry garden reach the size of a ripe cherry. Such blueberries improves eyesight, has healing properties, slows the aging process, perfectly cleanses the intestines.
Growing blueberries is a small branched shrubs. The plant is a durable and low-maintenance, no infestation and disease vredditelyam. Self-pollinating.
Blueberries should be planted in a sunny spot or half-shadow, protected from the wind. Before planting the seedlings should be trimmed. The soil for planting blueberries must be permeable and acidic. Over acidity and soil moisture must-attend. It is better to plant blueberries in late fall or spring.