In Latin name: Cerasus
In English name: cherry
Treat the family: Pink — Rosaceae
Used in everyday life of the cherry: fruit, leaves
Botanical description: A short bush (20-160 cm tall), with a dense crown and many rhizomatous shoots. Forms thickets. Shoots ascending or prostrate. Lightly, young — green, seniors — light brown, shiny. Leaves oblong or lanceolate (3-5 cm long), petioles, almost leathery, hairless, toothed, stipules linear. The flowers are small. Petals white, notched, 6-7 mm long. 20 stamens, one pistil, ovary superior.
The fruit of cherries: Fruits are small — 6-7 mm long, dark red drupes. Flesh is bright with juice, bone gustorebristaya.
Habitat: The native cherries from Asia Minor. There are many varieties.
The fruits of cherries consumed fresh, dried and processed form. They have many sugars (glucose, sucrose, fructose), organic acids (citric and malic), carotene, ascorbic acid, pectin, tannin. Of cherry fruit juices are prepared, syrups, extracts, fruit drinks, jelly, jam, jam, jam, candy toppings. The seeds contain up to 37% fatty oil, which is used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. The leaves are used as a substitute for tea flavor agent.
The composition of 100 g cherry includes:
Vitamins that make up the pears: Water — 84.4 g
- Protein — 0.8g
- Fat — 0.2g
- Carbohydrates — 10.6 g
- Vitamin A (retinol) — 17 g
- Vitamin B1 0.03 mg
- Vitamin B5 — 0.08 mg
- Vitamin B9 (folacin) — 6 mcg
- Vitamin C — 15 mg
- Vitamin E — 0.3 mg
Macronutrients that make up the cherries:
- Sodium — 20 mg
- Potassium — 256 mg
- Calcium — 37 mg
- Magnesium — 26 mg
- Phosphorus — 30 mg
Trace elements that make up the cherries:
- Copper — 100 mcg
- Iron — 0.5 mg
Energy value of cherries
100g of cherries contains about 52 calories.
Cherry good honey plant, gives a lot of nectar and pollen. In folk medicine, the fruits of its use as an expectorant and a laxative, as in arthritis and certain mental illnesses stem for — for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, as well as a diuretic and styptic, seeds — with kidney stones and gout, fresh leaves — with bow bleeding, scrofula.
Cherry wood is dense, heavy, hard, with a dark red core. It is well polished, similar to mahogany. Suitable for turning and joinery, manufacture of tubes, drawing supplies. Gum arising from the trunks, has adhesive properties.
The use of cherries.
Also of great value cherries attached coumarin contained in the fruit, which helps to improve blood clotting in the body, preventing heart attacks. Also, cherry fruits are used to treat anemia and nitrogen excretion of toxins from the human body.
Juice and cherry syrup in folk medicine used as an expectorant in bronchitis.
It is also proved that the cherries are used for the prevention of cancer.
Damage to cherries.
Varieties of cherries.
Anushka — early variety cherries. Srednerosloe, winter-hardy tree with fruits round, bright red color. The taste is a very juicy cherry, sour-sweet. Advantages: good transportability, high annual yields and winter hardiness, resistance to kokkomikozu.
Anthracite — samoplodnye grade cherries. Small tree with fruits, wide heart shaped, dark red in color. On the palate, juicy cherries, sour-sweet. Advantages: high yield.
Favorite — samoplodnye grade cherries. Medium vigor trees with large fruits, dark red in color. The taste is a very juicy cherry, sour-sweet, gentle. Advantages: high winter hardiness and yield, good taste.
The same age — the universal grade cherries. Medium vigor trees, with rounded fruit, dark red in color. The taste of sour and sweet, juicy. Advantages: samoplodnye high yield, high quality fruit, good resistance to kokkomikozu.
Ruby — samobesplodny grade cherries. Wide, spreading shrub with fruits of medium size. The taste is juicy and sweet cherries, sweet-sour taste satisfactory. Advantages: small plant habit.
Robin — skoroplodnost, samobesplodny grade cherries. Moderate vigor tree with fruit above medium size, dark-red color. On the palate the fruit is sweet-and-sour, juicy. Advantages: Late ripening period, high yield
Sudarushka — the universal grade cherries. Medium-sized tree with tuposerdtsevidnymi fruits. The taste of cherry juicy, sweet and sour. Advantages: high winter hardiness, high resistance to monoliozu.
Necklace — technical, table grade cherries. Shirokookrugly, spreading shrub with rounded, dark red fruits. The taste of a good sweet-sour taste. Advantages: high fruiting and samoplodnye, simultaneous ripening.
Fairy — a grade average of maturation. Stunted trees with medium fruit, a light pink color. The taste is very soft, juicy and tender. Advantages: high winter hardiness and resistance to kokkomikozu.
Chernokorka — medium-term maturity. Average height trees with large fruits, ploskookrugloy form maroon. The taste of sweet. Advantages: high winter.
Dwarf — samoplodnye grade cherries. Scrubby bush with round fruit, red. The taste of sweet and sour, mediocre. Advantages: samoplodnye winter hardiness, high fruiting.