Elderberries — refers to the fruit.
In Latin name: Sambucus
In English Name: Elder
Treat the family: Adoksovye — Adoxaceae
Used in the home of the elder: fruit, leaves, flowers, flower buds.
A small tree or branched shrub, 5-5.5 m tall, with light brown fissured bark. Brownish, dotted with brown sochevikami shoots containing in white, soft, wide core. Leaves 35 cm long, pinnate, opposite. Ovate or ovate-oblong, with kosovytyanutoy top, sharply serrated, along veins pubescent leaves. The unpleasant smell is felt when rubbing. Small, yellowish-white flowers, which are collected in corymbose panicles with five branches. Pyatipelyustkovy whisk in diameter of 5 mm, 4-5 stamens, one pistil, the lower ovary
Flowering Period: May — June
The fruit of elderberry. Fruit — a three-shift drupe, black and purple.
Habitat of this plant covers the whole part of the Northern Hemisphere, as well as Australia.
Food, a honey, medicine, dyeing, insecticidal, essential oil and ornamental plant. Berry cranberries have a characteristic sweet-sour taste and incredible aroma. In its raw form, they are not edible. They are trained preserves, jams, jellies, compotes, mousse, jelly, candy, fillings for cakes and sweets, juices, fruit drinks, as well as tea and coffee substitutes. Dried elder flowers give confections almond scent. For the manufacture of food products elderberry is best to mix with other cultural and wild fruits. In the confectionery industry is widely used flowers for flavoring. In medicine used flower buds, flowers and leaves. It is recommended to use as a diuretic and diaphoretic for colds, for rinsing and inhalation, coughing, and preparations made from them — with bronchitis, laryngitis, influenza, diseases of the bladder and kidneys, with neuralgia. The leaves contain aldehydes, sambunigrin alkaloid, volatile oil, carotene, vitamin C. elderberry bark contains choline, essential oils, sugar, phytosterol, acid, tannin and pectin. The flowers contain glycosides rutin and sambunigrin, organic acids (caffeic, chlorogenic acid, valeric, apple) and tannins. The leaves contain alkaloids coniine elderberry and sambunigrin glycosides, which cleaves the prussic acid. Animals do not eat these plants because of the strong repulsive odor. The bark and leaves of the elderberry is recommended to use for rheumatism, diabetes, arthritis, gout, dropsy, externally with erysipelas, pain in the ears, colds, hemorrhoids, burns. The fruits are used for coloring in red silk. Flowers were collected to obtain an essential oil.
The constituent elements of an elder.
The composition of 100 g elderberry include:
- Water — 79.8 g
- Protein — 0.66 g
- Fat — 0.5 g
- Carbohydrates — 11.4 g
- Dietary fiber — 7.3 g
- Ash — 0.63 g
- Organic acid — 0.023 g
Vitamins that are part of an elder:
- Vitamin B3 — 0.14 mg
- Vitamin B1 — 0.07 mg
- Vitamin B2 — 0.06 mg
- Vitamin PP — 0.5 mg
- Vitamin B9 — 6mkg
- Vitamin B6 — 0.23 mg
- Vitamin C — 36 mg
- Vitamin A — online casino 30 mg
Macronutrients that make up the elder:
- Potassium — 280.1 mg
- Calcium — 38.2 mg
- Magnesium — 5.3 mg
- Sodium — 6.4 mg
- Phosphorus — 39.1 mg
Trace elements that are part of an elder:
- Iron — 1.6 mg
- Selenium — 0.61 mcg
- Copper — 61 mcg
- Zinc — 0.13 mg
Energy value of elderberries.
- 100 g of elderberry contains about 73 calories.
Elderberries have fitontsidnymi and insecticidal properties. Recommended for use against black currant and gooseberry mite Moths. Due to its specific smell, elder deters mice and rats, so its branches are often tied trunks of fruit trees, thus protecting them from damage by rodents.
Useful properties of elderberry
First of all, the use of elderberry is enclosed within it. Since this berry contains large amounts of vitamins, mineral macro-and micronutrients and other necessary materials for the body. Elderberry flowers are recommended as an effective diaphoretic. Tincture of these colors are used for colds (sore throat, flu). Elderberries cures cough and contributes to the overall recovery of the body. If you have problems with the stomach, the extract prescribed as a laxative effect. Apples also relieves symptoms of rheumatism and sciatica. It is used for getting rid of skin diseases is very good for kidney disease and gout. Effectively fights with deposits of toxins in the body.
For the treatment of many known diseases are used in almost all parts of the elderberry. Because the beneficial properties of flowers, roots and bark of elderberry fruit.
It is widely used in cosmetics and elder. Drugs in the elder with a beneficial effect on skin texture and complexion, restore skin elasticity and freshness, are struggling with acne and pigmentation.
Specialists proved that in colitis and diabetes elder contraindicated. In pregnancy, elder can be consumed only in small doses. It is important to note that the red elderberry is very toxic to the human body.Types of elder
Red elderberry — has medicinal and nutritional properties, valued as Phytoncidic and insecticidal plant, winter berries are a good food for birds. Sometimes a tree elder bees collect honeydew that aphids highlights.
Elderberries grassy — a poisonous plant, has tapered glucoside sambunigrin have information about the treatment of their hydrocephalus and kidney disease, chronic forms of neuralgia.
Sambucus nigra — a very effective and valuable plant. Used for therapeutic purposes. The fruits of elderberry ripen in August. This kind of elder has bactericidal, diaphoretic, weak disinfectant, anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects.