Title in latinski: Vaccínium vítis-idaéa
Title in English: cowberry
Belongs to the family: Ericaceae
Used in everyday life of the barberry: fruit
Botanical description: A short shrub, 10-28 cm tall with creeping rhizome long. Erect stems, with short haired, rounded branches. Greenish-brown, covered with short hairs shoots. Alternate, obovate, alternate, elliptical leaves from 0.6 to 3 cm long and about 0.3-1.5 wide, obtuse, entire, leathery, with edges folded down at the base of a little hairy or smooth, shiny, top dark green, dark green bottom with pieces of iron. Leaves are held on the plant for about two to three years. Flowers with two or three bracts that are in terminal racemes, which are collected at the end of last year"s shoots. Short flower stalks are reddish, slightly pubescent. Chetyrezubchastaya, with short reddish or greenish, rounded toothed calyx. Young corolla length of about 5-6 mm, 4-6-toothed, pink or white and pink. 8 (10) stamens that do not extend beyond the corolla, short filaments. One pistil, the ovary alone, chetyregnezdovaya.
Flowering Period: May — June
The fruit cranberries: Fruit — round berry 7-12 mm diameter, initially greenish-white, later (ripe) — bright red. Numerous seeds, reddish-brown in color, with a mesh skin that has a crescent shape
Habitat: common in the United States, Germany, Sweden, Russia, Finland, the Netherlands, Belarus and Poland.
Food, vitaminoznaya, a honey, medicinal and ornamental plant.
Fruits are used fresh, salted and pickled. They are trained juices, syrups, smoothies, extracts, fruit drinks and jellies, compotes, jellies, candy, jellies, jams, filling for chocolates, etc... Prepared from the dried leaves of a substitute for tea. Pickled berries have a nice bright, delicate flavor and a long stored. As such, the berries are used as a garnish for fish and meat dishes, as berries cranberries in salads, giving them a delicacy.
High taste and nutritional properties cowberry caused by the presence of organic acids: malic, salicylic, lactic, citric, benzoic, succinic (total content of 2.5%) and sugars (7%). The presence of benzoic acid in the berries cranberries enables them to remain long in a fresh way. In addition, the fruits cranberries contain tannins pectin (about 0.32%), provitamin A, and vaceinine glycoside arbutin, vitamin C... The seeds contain 32% fat, fast-drying oil.
The constituent elements of cranberries.
The composition of 100 g cranberries are:
- Water — 86 g
- Fat — 0.5 g
- Carbohydrates — 9.62 g
- Protein — 0.7g
- Dietary fiber — 1.6 g
- Ash — 0.2 g
- Organic acid — 1.9 g
Vitamins are a part of cranberries:
- Vitamin B — 0.051 mg
- Vitamin C — 15 mg
- Vitamin B1 — 0,011 mg
- Vitamin B2 — 0.19 mg
- Vitamin PP — 0.22 mg
Macronutrients that make up the cranberries:
- Potassium — 73 mg
- Calcium — 40.2 mg
- Phosphorus — 16 mg
- Magnesium — 7.1 mg
- Sodium — 7 mg
Trace elements that make up dgfev online casino the cranberries:
- Iron — 400 mg
Energy value of cranberries.
100 g of cranberries contains about 43 calories.
In medicine (scientific) leaves cranberries recommend the use as a disinfectant and diuretic, rheumatism, kidney stones, cystitis, gout. The anti-inflammatory and antiseptic preparations, which are made from the leaves of cranberry trees, caused by the presence of hyperoside, glycoside arbutin, elagovoy and cinchona acids, tannins. Light volatile stand by grinding fresh leaves.
In folk medicine used not only berries, but all the plants collected during the period of flowering, it is recommended to use for colds, rheumatism, liver disease, kidney disease, coughing, in diseases of the urinary bladder, hypertension, uterine bleeding. Berry cranberry juice is used for diarrhea and inflammatory processes.
Useful properties of cranberries.
The composition of cranberries include useful organic acids, carbohydrates, carotene, pectin, vitamins and tannins. Lingonberry is a valuable medicinal plant possessing medicinal properties, which are mainly found in the leaves.
Lingonberry is known in medicine as an antipyretic, tonic, antiscorbutic, wound healing, avitaminous tool that is also used to treat dysentery, gastritis, salt deposits, rheumatism, diabetes, neurasthenia.
Berry cranberries are recommended to take to improve visual acuity.
A decoction of the fruit cranberry lowers blood pressure and has a sedative effect, thus increasing the motility of the bowel.
Cranberry juice consumed with nervousness and anemia. Also, juice has anti-sclerotic action
In addition to useful properties of cranberries also has contraindications. For example berries cranberries are not recommended for ulcers and gastritis with increased acidity. As the fruits of cranberry prohibited to use the people that have had surgery or internal bleeding as berries have thinning property