Title in latinski Crataégus
Title in English hawthorn
Belongs to the family Pink — Rosaceae
Used in the home of the Hawthorn fruit, flowers
Shrub or small tree height from 3 to 7 m with a reddish-brown, spiny branches. Short spikes of about 2 cm long, thick, strong. The leaves are alternate, 3-7-glibokorozdilni, obovate, dark green, shiny on top, bottom is slightly lighter, with a waxy coating, with incised-serrated blades. Inflorescence corymbose of three or five branches, having from 10 to 18 flowers. Double rozdelnolepestkovy, five-membered perianth, with a broad, triangular-or chaschelistikami, bent down. Corolla white (up to 15mm in diameter), many stamens and pistil odinstolbik, semi-inferior ovary.
The fruit of the hawthorn Fruit — oblong-ovate, rarely spherical (810 mm), brown-red, red, or yellow, containing one bone and sweetish pulp.
Habitat widely distributed in Eurasia and North America.
Hawthorn berries are edible and very helpful, they contain sugar (10-15%), flavlnlidy, organic acids (citric acid, oleanolic, ursolic, krategusova, chlorogenic, caffeic), tannins, carotenoids, fatty oils, pectin, three flavonol glycosides and terpene , choline, vitamins, etc... In contrast, fruits, flowers contain more essential oils, flavonoids, carotenoids, acetylcholine, choline, oleanolic, coffee and ursolic acid, vitamin C. Fresh hawthorn poured sugar syrup used to make jellies and fruit compotes for. Flour from dried ground fruits are added to wheat and corn flour for baking biscuit bread, rolls, cakes, cookies. These products have a pleasant fruity scent. Prepared from the fruit preserves, jams, jellies, marmalade, soft drinks, juice, pie fillings, juices and so on.
The constituent elements of the hawthorn.
The composition of 100 g of hawthorn include
Water — 0 g
Protein — 0 g
Fat — 0 g
Carbohydrates — 14 g
Ash — 2.73 g
Vitamins are a part of Hawthorn
Vitamin C — 90, 21mg
Vitamin P — 14mg
Vitamin E — 2 mg
Macronutrients that make up the hawthorn
Potassium — 13.1 mg
Calcium — 3.21 mg
Iron — 0.42 mg
Magnesium — 1.0 mg
Trace elements that make up the hawthorn
Manganese — 0.04 mcg
Copper — 0.29 mg
Zinc — 0.07 mg
Cobalt — 0.37 micrograms
Iodine — 0.06 mg
Chromium — 0.01 micrograms
Bor — 2.0 mcg
Aluminium — 0.03 g
Selenium — 11.8 mcg
Nicole — 0.1 mcg
Strontium — 0.06 micrograms
Lead — 0.05 micrograms
Energy value of the hawthorn.
The practical use of hawthorn.
Food, medicine, a honey, ornamental, painting plant.
The fruits and flowers of hawthorn are widely used in scientific medicine. Are made from the berries of hawthorn extract liquid is contained in the kardiovalena. Medications are made of hawthorn lower stimulation of the nervous system, have a tonic effect on the heart muscle system, significantly lower pressure, increase blood circulation in the vessels of the heart and brain, relieve the pain in the heart, is incredibly effective in the neuroses of the heart. Hawthorn berries are not toxic, so they can be used for quite a long time for people with impaired renal function.
Useful properties of hawthorn
What is the use of hawthorn Mainly in its composition. Hawthorn contains a huge amount of ascorbic acid, calcium and potassium. Use of substances contained in Hawthorn expand coronary vessels is also reduced excitability of the nervous system of an organism.
Hawthorn has the ability to enhance the supply of the brain and the heart with oxygen, normalize sleep, improve metabolism. The broth Hawthorn is recommended for the treatment of skin diseases. It also helps in the healing process in protracted, severe disease, lower cholesterol in the blood.
Do not forget about the dangers of hawthorn. To hawthorn provoked undesirable effects on the gastrointestinal tract is to consume it in moderation. Also, the use of hawthorn is contraindicated in people who have kidney problems, pregnant and lactating mothers.
Also the diseases mentioned above, tincture Crataegus helps tachycardia and angina, as well as other cardiac arrhythmias, at elevated cholesterol and atherosclerosis.
After a serious illness tincture helps restore strength, combined with tincture of valerian relax after the stresses and strains.
For the preparation of infusions at home will need a glass of fresh hawthorn berries, mash them with wooden flea market, and then pour 70 -% alcohol (200 mL), and for three weeks to put in a dark, cool place. And most importantly do not forget to shake it every day. On expiry of the finished tincture strained through cheesecloth.
This tincture is also recommended for rheumatism, allergies, obesity, epilepsy and disorders of the thyroid gland.
Suffering for diabetes, hawthorn tincture helps to normalize blood sugar levels, has a beneficial effect on brain function, improves memory, eases acute gastritis.