Title in Latin: Vaccinium praestans
Title in English: Kamchatka Bilberry, as well vstechal called Cherry Blueberry
Belongs to the family: Ericaceae
At home use are basically the part of the Kamchatka bilberry’s : fruit
Botanical description: A small shrub. The stem is almost horizontal to the ground. Small leafy branches up to approximately 6 — 10 cm, bark yellowish — gray. Leaves of sterile branches ends approximated, including about three times blunt sharp obovate length from about 2 to 6 cm and 2 cm in width -4 tapered wedge into petiole thin, finely serrated edges, with prickles. Brush 2 or trehtsvetkovaya, a cup with a 4 or 5 ciliates widely triangular teeth. Pale yellow corolla with a length of about 0.6 cm, bell-shaped.
The fruit Kamchatka bilberry’s : spherical berries with a diameter of about 8-10 mm, very bright, there are red and green. Berries are juicy glossy, top fruit — bristling with teeth are very pronounced and persistent odor that resembles the smell of "bugs."Habitat: mainly mountain taiga region of Primorye, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk region, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands (Kunashir, Shikotan, Etorofu Simushir, Uruppu Keta), Honshu, Hokkaido.
Edible, ornamental, medicinal perennials.
The constituent elements of Kamchatka bilberry’s .
The composition of 100 g Kamchatka bilberry’s includes:
- Protein: 0.5 g
- Fat: 0.2g
- Carbohydrates: 3.7 g
Energy value Kamchatka bilberry’s . 28 kcal
Kamchatka Bilberry mainly used for medicinal purposes in food through its ambiguous flavor is mainly used in processed form. Given the small area of its habitat and the low percentage of autumn cultivation Kamchatka Bilberry mostly in demand in the natural habitat. The taste of fresh berries at first sweet, online casino then sour, bitter and salty after. Align edibility thermal treatment in a cooking is mainly used as raw materials for various jams and pastries. Chemical composition Kamchatka bilberry’s , very poorly understood, it is known only that the berries are rich in tannins and play a big role in local folk medicine. Berries are very rich in ascorbic acid, trace elements, flavonoids and tannins. It has long been used as an effective remedy for hypertension, as well as to improve the work of ACORN — intestinal tract. Tinctures are effective for colds, as well as a toning agent. In Japan Kamchatka Bilberry more commonly known as an ornamental plant, which used to decorate home gardens.Useful properties Kamchatka bilberry’s :
Juice and tincture of berries Kamchatka bilberry’s , has long been used as a tonic, antiprostudnoe agent. It also raises a great immune system, relieves blood pressure. But in pharmacology berries are used very rarely, because of their lack of study. Most use the juice, not the fruit, because, as already stated, they have a very distinctive taste with a very persistent odor that resembles the smell of a little bug there, and the other common name — «klopovka.» In the confectionery industry Kamchatka bilberry’s berries used for the preparation of marmalade and soft drinks. It should also be said that the berries are rich in flavonoids, which must be present in the diet dennom everyone. In addition Kamchatka Bilberry is a powerful antioxidant, therefore, it can be very useful for those who want to cleanse the body of toxins.
The berries can cause very severe allergies, and not only through taste, but also the smell. In addition, Kamchatka Bilberry is a good laxative for this not to be carried away by it to those who have stomach illness.
Kamchatka Bilberry growing
Kamchatka Bilberry , winter-hardy plant in the wild, there are several forms of it, but cultivars are not withdrawn. If you want to grow Kamchatka bilberry’s in my home, you will need to choose for her sunny place, but not dark place, in an extreme case — partial shade.Preparation of the soil:
Basically Kamchatka Bilberry grows well in the lung «acidic» soils. To this should be fine peat soils. But best peat soil mixed with conventional sand in a 3:1 ratio. Before planting, you need to pull on the landing site of all weeds. Fertilizer for 1 sq.m — 20 g of potassium sulfate and 40 g of double superphosphate.
Care Kamchatka bilberry’s :
Kamchatka Bilberry very hygrophilous, but abundantly fill it with water is not necessary. Kamchatka Bilberry does not tolerate drought, so it needs to be in a warm climate, water it every day. Also, each day you need to pour turf (3 — 5 kg/1kv.m). And though the main part of it be made in late fall, it will need to pour the entire first season of planting.