Kiwi



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Kiwi fruitDespite the «youth», kiwi — one of the most popular fruit in our time, and the history of its appearance — one of the most unusual

     Lived in this world was a common tree climber — Actinidia, a native of China, and knew of its existence, perhaps only a botanist. While in the early 20th century, its seeds do not fall into the hands of the New Zealand gardener Alexander Allison. Some time later, thanks to the hard work of our gardener transformed plant, and as a result, the fruit noticeably gained weight and taste. Alexander called it the Chinese gooseberry and very soon a new fruit spread throughout New Zealand. When the Chinese gooseberry became an important export country, it was decided to rename it in all its known today kiwi. Name it appeared because of the similarity of «tail» with a bird-fruit kiwi, an emblem of the island state.

Description

Now kiwi cultivated not only in New Zealand, but also in China, Chile, USA, Italy, France and many other warm countries. Experimented growing kiwi in Russia, on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.

Kiwi fruits have a characteristic oval shape. Peel ripe brown, covered with small cannons. If the fetus is cut, then your eyes will be opened pulp bright emerald color with a lot of small black seeds, surrounding a light green heart. Actinidia wild fruits weigh no more than 30 grams, but thanks to the competent selection kiwifruit have a mass of up to 100, they are rich in vitamins and microelements, and have excellent taste. Ripe fruit when you are pressed slightly to smell a mixture of flavors of banana, lemon and strawberry and tastes juicy and sweet. Unripe fruit too solid to the touch, and they need to keep up with just lie down for a few days.Kiwi fruit

Mineral and vitamin composition of kiwi

Kiwi — fruit diet and also extremely helpful. 100 g of the pulp of this fruit contains an average of:

• Protein — 1.02 — 1.15 g

• Fat — 0.52 g

• Carbohydrates — 14 — 15 g

Vitamins:

• Vitamin B1 (thiamine) — 0.025 mg

• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) — 0.025 mg

• Niacin (Vitamin B3 or PP) — 0.34 mg

• Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) — 0.65 mg

• Folic acid (vitamin B9) — 25 mcg

• Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) — 90 mg

Minerals:

• Potassium — 310 — 315 mg

• Calcium — 33 — 34 mg

• Phosphorus — 32 — 34 mg

• Magnesium — 15 — 17 mg

• Iron — 300 — 310 mg

• Zinc — 130 — 140 mg

• Manganese — 95 — 98 mcg

Caloric kiwi is 61 — 65 calories per 100 grams of flesh, which makes this fruit an excellent dietary product.Kiwi fruit

Benefits of Kiwi

The fruits of Actinidia a means of traditional Chinese medicine. They were used in the treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinals tract, to prevent stone formation, lower elevated nervous excitability and overall health.

Kiwi, as a worthy heir to the Chinese gooseberry recommended for the prevention and treatment of many diseases.

Thanks to its high potassium content, kiwifruit recommend to combat hypertension, thrombosis and other cardiovascular diseases.

 There is also a useful properties kiwi include:

• normalization of the gastrointestinal tract

• easing the symptoms of iodine deficiency (due to potassium)

• antimicrobial and antioxidant effects

• anticancer properties

• improved protein digestibility

• Rapid recovery of physical strength and improving efficiency

Kiwi is widely used in beauty industry. This healthy fruit — the basis of many cosmetic products for skin care. Kiwi and rejuvenates the moisturizes, tightens, smoothes fine lines, clears pores, restores elasticity and tone.

According to numerous studies, researchers recommend kiwi make in your daily diet. Only 2-3 kiwi fruit a day, and after 4 weeks manifest most of the above changes. Proved that in this period by 19% reduced risk of bloods clots and 14% reduced levels of «bad» cholesterol in the blood.Kiwi fruit

It is interesting

The number of sales in Europe Kiwi takes the second place among the tropical fruits, following immediately after the pineapple.

Kiwis at home — China, local breeders are attempting to grow the fruit of the ruby ​​flesh.

   It truly can be called the food of the gods. Kiwi has a delicious sweet taste. The flowers are small, look like a rose, and the fruits have a thin skin and soft plush emerald flesh with many small bones and soft inside. It is indispensable for high bloods pressure, diseases of the heart, has a lot of vitamins, helps to lose weight.

  Those who had first picked up the fruit, the question arises: "What is it? '. You can peel and cut into chunks or cut in half and scoop a teaspoon, choosing pulp.

However, the Kiwis do not eat only fresh. From this jam, added to salads (and not only to fruit!),

Served with meat.

Aktidin kiwi contains an enzyme that breaks down proteins. If this enzyme reaches the meat, it becomes softer and more gentle.

  And finally, one trick. Since kiwi just begs to use it as a decoration for the cake or as part of fruit jelly, keep in mind that it contains enzymes can not be combined with gelatin, that is just kiwi jelly hardens.

Kiwi categorized so-called «exotic». Indeed, ten years ago this fruit was our exotic and incomprehensible. And not just for us. Back in the 70 s of the 20 th century customs, seeing strange boxes brown balls, frightening and engineers (the story is a real fact.)

Kiwi — a Chinese-born New Zealander on education. And Kiwi born just 100 years ago! Then, at the beginning of the last century, a certain A. Ellison received a gift from China: the seeds of monkey peach. And Allison started this plant improvement. The process dragged on for three decades. Until I get to the bush fruits that we now call the kiwi.

However, if not the world industrial crisis in the 30s, you and I have not come to know the taste of this green miracle kiwifruit grown only for themselves, and only financial troubles forced to think about this fruit as a source of income. And it is something to ponder. Growing kiwi unpretentious, giving ample harvest, and stored under conditions for several months. Thus, over time, the world learned about the kiwi. And the fruit got its own story.Kiwi fruit

From the life of kiwifruit:

  it is called the Chinese gooseberry and Chinese peach. The name «kiwifruit» he was awarded the New Zealand exporters, after the flightless kiwi bird, kiwi, resembling the fruit: flightless bird and covered with brown feathers.

  in China, the birthplace of kiwi, local breeders are trying to grow the fruit of the ruby ​​flesh.

   Kiwi in Europe's second most popular tropical fruit after pineapple.

   harvesting for New Zealanders, a global supplier of kiwifruit — a national event. In the days of the harvest for workers joining the tourists and students, and ends with festivities and colorful fireworks.

  in Russian kiwi is a feminine noun? However, believe that the saying «ripe kiwi» is also possible.

So, thank industrial crisis 30s — it is hard to overestimate the benefit of kiwi.

In some countries it is used as a stimulant and reducing agent for athletes — so many nutrients it contains.

Overseas kiwi fruit native to China, but now it is growing around the world in hot countries — in Asia, in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand. Therefore, on our shelves fresh fruit fall throughout the year. They clearly suffer a long journey, and at zero temperature, the fruit can be stored up to 6 months.

You are inspired enough to leave your computer and go to the nearest store? Stay still for a moment — we will see

how to choose and maintain this wonderful fruit.

   Kiwis collect solid but ripe fruits are considered when they are a little soft, wrinkle-free skin, and when you peel lightly pressed. If the fruit is too hard — so it is not yet ripe.

If the fetus is resilient to the touch, not razmyakshy and shriveled, it means that you can have, it is quite juicy and sweet. Do not forget to smell the fruit, if kiwi flavor produces bananas, strawberries and lemon — is a sign of maturity.

Store kiwi in the produce department of the refrigerator in a paper bag. The kiwifruit do not like the neighborhood with other fruits and foods. To green kiwi fruit ripened at home, we must put the fruit on a dish with bananas or oranges.

Kiwi fruitKiwi in cosmetology

What is so useful to use inside, can bring no less useful for outdoor use. However, the kiwi is no only useful but also necessary to our skin: it perfectly cleanses and nourishes its whole complex of vitamins.

  Moisturizing mask with kiwi: mix 2 tablespoons of fat-free yogurt and chopped pulp kiwi. Apply there for 15-25 minutes.

  In winter,  kiwi perfectly moisturizes,rejuvenates the skin, is only once a week to do the following mask: mash persimmon and kiwi, rub on a small grater, apple and pear. Mix it all up to a homogeneous slurry, put weight on cleansed face, neck. After 20 minutes, rinse with warm water.

  Oily skin may help to mask: Mix grated horseradish, lemon and kiwi pulp, leave on face for 17 minutes, then rinse with warm water.

  With kiwi can do and nourishing mask: mash half a banana and 1 kiwi fruit of medium size, mix well ground. To enhance the cushioning effect, add 2 tablespoons of natural yogurt. Put the mask on clean face. Rinse with warm water after 15-25 minutes.

  Our skin peels are very useful, but in the winter, especially for sensitive skin, mechanical peeling allowed. Yes, and skin problems, they can only do harm. But peeling with fruit acids, gently exfoliating and saturating vitamins — the most it. Make a peeling easier — clean the skin, and then on 15 minutes put kiwi juice or pulp, then rinse and apply moisturizer.Kiwi fruit

Kiwi in cooking

   What is good, should be good. Kiwi is an excellent proof of this theorem everyday. Fruit is used in any kitchen.

So, Russian cuisine. Jam kiwi and gooseberry

You will need: 600 g kiwi, 750 grams of green gooseberries, 4 tbsp. l. lemon juice, 1 tbsp. l. lemon peel, 500 g sugar, 3 tbsp. l. woodruff syrup.

Kiwi clean, cut into quarters and then into slices. At Gooseberry remove stem, inflorescence and seeds. Berries mixed with lemon juice and make your mashed potatoes. Better for that use a mixer or blender. Puree mixed with kiwi, lemon zest and sugar. With constant stirring, bring to a boil. Boil over high heat for 1 minute. Then remove from heat, add the syrup and immediately pour into pre-prepared jars. Tightly close the lid or roll.Kiwi fruit

Japanese cuisine. Dessert with kiwi

You will need: 100g butter, '70 powdered sugar, egg yolk of one egg, 200 grams of flour. For lemon custard — 3 egg yolks, 90 g of sugar, 60. g of flour, 400 grams of warm milk, 1 tablespoon lemon juice, 1 tablespoon of liqueur. Jelly — 1 teaspoon of agar-agar, 1 teaspoon sugar, 1 teaspoon of liquor, a few mint leaves. For decoration — 3 peeled kiwi, some strawberries.

Rub the butter with the sugar until the mixture turns white, then add the egg yolk and mix well. Pour the flour and stir with wooden spatula. Make balls and put in the fridge for 15 minutes. Preheat oven to 200 degrees. Roll out the balls and make them like plates. Pierce the dough in several places to while baking (10 minutes) it is not swollen. Reduce heat and cook another 7 — 8 minutes. Remove and cool.

Prepare the lemon cream: Beat the egg yolks, add the sugar and grind well. Add flour and stir until the mixture is smooth. Pour the milk, mix well and pass this mass through a sieve. Heat the cream over medium heat and stirring constantly with wooden spoon. When it begins to thicken, stir carefully to not burnt. When it begins to boil — remove from heat. Pour the lemon juice, liqueur and prevent. Coat the cakes with cream and garnish with slices of kiwi and arrange on top of the strawberries.

Prepare the jelly: in a small saucepan boil 100 grams of water, mix agar-agar and sugar and place in a saucepan, stir until the sugar and disperse the agar-agar, remove from heat and add the liqueur. Pour over top of fruit and mint leaves to decorate.Kiwi fruit

Kiwis at home

You will not believe, but you can try to grow kiwis at home, and the experiment can be quite successful! For those who have decided to try to grow a kiwi, the following tips: fruit comes from the tropical zones of China, so take care of seedlings, as well as for other Exotics from the tropics: provide much water in the summer, humidity, lots of fresh air, light and heat. In winter, cool content (about 10 degrees), limited irrigation without water stagnation. By the way, for avid gardeners, we note that kiwi vine (and you did not know that kiwi — vine?) Can be grown successfully in the room (with enough light) and in the open field.

And now it may even need to leave your computer and go to the store! For him, for this generous gift to us of nature. For kiwi.

Dietitians of Texas have examined the properties of 32 different fruits and vegetables and found that the most useful of them — the kiwi. In one kiwi contains: daily dose vitamins C — 78 mg, 0.33 g fat, 13 g carbohydrate, 0,98 g proteins, 2.62 g fiber, 4,6 mg sodiums. And all this in 46 calories. Second among «the most useful fruit and vegetables» took barley. It contributes to reducing the amount of fat in the body. No less useful is and cranberries. It contains a lot of flavonoids and which protect the body from infections and cancers. The fourth place nutritionists put yogurt (what a fruit or vegetable, just do not know :-)), and the fifth — broccoli.Kiwi fruit

REFERENCE

Kiwi categorized so-called «exotic». Indeed, ten years ago this fruit was our exotic and incomprehensible.

 Kiwi — a Chinese-born New Zealander on education. And Kiwi born just 100 years ago! It got its name from a small kiwi bird, which looks similar to this fruit, covered with thick reddish fur. Sometimes called the Chinese gooseberry or monkey (sheep) peach. The name «kiwifruit» he was awarded the New Zealand exporters, after the flightless kiwi bird, kiwi, resembling the fruit: flightless bird and covered with brown feathers.

 In the late 19th century in Europe, the fruits and flowers were imported from Japan and Asia as ornaments, but later as the popularity of kiwi fruit grown rapidly. Then, at the beginning of the last century, a A.Ellison received a gift from China: peach seed monkey started this plant improvement. The process dragged on for three decades. Until I get to the bush fruits that we now call the kiwi. By the beginning of 20 century it was grown in many countries in hot subtropical climate. However, if not the world industrial crisis in the 30s, you and I have not come to know the taste of this green miracle kiwifruit grown only for themselves, and only financial troubles forced to think about this fruit as a source of income. And it is something to ponder. Growing kiwi unpretentious, giving ample harvest, and stored under conditions for several months. Now it is growing around the world in hot countries — in Asia, in South Africa, Australia, New Zealand. Therefore, on our shelves fresh fruit fall throughout the year. They clearly suffer a long journey, and at zero temperature, the fruit can be stored up to six months.

Thus, over time, the world learned about the kiwi. And the fruit got its own story.

Kiwi is a many-climbing plant with beautiful white or pink flowers, like roses. The fruits of his have very thin skin and flesh with many small black seeds inside.

 In China (at home kiwi) local breeders are trying to grow the fruit of the ruby ​​flesh.Kiwi fruit

After pineapple kiwi is the most popular tropical fruits in Europe. This plant is sometimes called "Chinese gooseberries.

New Zealanders for harvesting, a global provider of kiwifruit — a national event. In the days of the harvest for workers joining the tourists and students, and ends with festivities and colorful fireworks.

In Russian the kiwi is a feminine noun? However, believe that the saying «ripe kiwi» is also possible.

So, thank industrial crisis 30s — it is hard to overestimate the benefit of kiwi.

You are inspired enough to leave your computer and go to the nearest store? Stay still for a moment — we will look at how to choose and maintain this wonderful fruit.

Kiwis gather hard, really, they are considered mature when you press your finger pressed peel. Pulp sour taste like strawberry. Kiwi eating spoons or cut into circles mainly for fruit salads, creams, ice cream, pudding, and cook for compotes, jams and fruit sauces.

If the fruit is too hard — so it is not yet ripe.

If the fetus is resilient to the touch, not razmyakshy and shriveled, it means that you can have, it is quite juicy and sweet. Do not forget to smell the fruit, if kiwi flavor produces bananas, strawberries and lemon — is a sign of maturity.

Store kiwi in the produce department of the refrigerator in a paper bag. The kiwifruit do not like the neighborhood with other fruits and foods. To green kiwi fruit ripened at home, we must put the fruit on a dish with bananas or oranges.

From ripe kiwi fruit, choose seeds, clean out the pulp and stratify. First seeds kept in moist sand for 2-3 weeks, keeping the temperature 10 to 20 degrees, and after 2 weeks at +4 to +5 degrees. Sow the seeds with sand, after stratification by preparing a pot of good drainage layer and filling the substrate. Crops sprinkle a thin layer of soil, spray and cover the top with glass. After the pot put in a warm, well-lighted place. Glass must be cleaned with every day and turn.

Emerging seedlings should be gradually accustomed to the natural air circulation. If conditions are favorable, the kiwi seedlings grow rapidly. Loosening the soil and pick should be done very carefully, because the seedlings have a shallow root system. Bush got stronger kiwi shape and cuts, leaving the more powerful runners and providing them with support, others — are removed.

Kiwi in the garden

To kiwi in your garden grow successfully in the first place, of course, you must have climatic conditions characteristic of subtropical climate: long frost-free growing season, sufficient heat and high humidity. Properly vaccinated and carefully selected varietal seedlings kiwi on a permanent place in the garden start to bear fruit in 3-4,5 years after planting, and the peak fruiting begins at 7 year, bringing the right care yields of up to 40 years of age. Top selected varieties of kiwi seedlings grafted on guard and split. It's also possible the successful propagation and cultivation of kiwi root or vegetative — stem cuttings and layering in early spring (putting every shoot and it dropwise to the ground).Kiwi fruit

To create optimal conditions for growth of kiwi in the garden, we must first consider the climate, the composition and condition of the soil. Threat to young shoots of kiwifruit are late spring frosts and cold winds. To kiwi vines hanging on trellis not hurt wind, use a variety of tools vetroblokiruyuschie. On a hot summer period conduct kiwi needs sprinkling and irrigation. Actinidia in kiwi is very hard on heavy soils, those that do not absorb moisture, so when planting is highly recommended an artificial drainage. Kiwi likes to loose, alluvial, sometimes with a medium-sized stones soil. Kiwi seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in the early spring, guided scheme 5×6 meters. Since the vines are growing very rapidly and can reach height of 7-9 meters to tie up on trellises with the letter «T» and is considered the best sposobomvyraschivaniya kiwi vine cultivation by type (tall varieties).

Plants are pruned in the summer (for thinning crown) and late fall — at the end of fruiting. Spending formation, leaving the most powerful and healthy shoots, and all others — are removed. We need to try to maintain a reasonable balance between the root system and the aerial parts. Insect pollinators kiwi — bumble bees and home. Without pollination by bees of small fruits are much higher.

Kiwi fruit that is loved by all, in addition to kiwi fruit contains lot of useful to the body. Those labor costs that you incur in the process of growing kiwis will be compensated by benefits and flavor of this wonderful gift of nature.



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