Orange — the name of the fruit of the tree of the same name, and the family of citrus and orange from German means «Chinese apple.» Orange is one of oldest plants cultivated by mankind, both for food and for medicinal purposes. Historians claim that the physicians of ancient Egypt more than 2 thousand years BC was successfully used oranges to treat many diseases. But Homeland oranges is still not the land of the Pharaohs, and China, where they were cultivated long before the Christian era. It was only in the 15th century, oranges were in Europe. Today, oranges are widely used and are grown in most countries of in the world where this has all the necessary climatic conditions. Leading producers of oranges are considered to countries such as the U.S. (especially Florida and California), most Mediterranean countries (especially Spain, Italy, Greece), Turkey, Brazil, Mexico, China, India, South Africa, Egypt and Iran.
The shape of the fruit is round, covered with a dense skin of all shades of orange. Inside the orange flesh is divided into segments, which can be easily separated from each other. The flesh is juicy and sweet, depending on the type of bright yellow, orange or red flowers, with small seeds embedded in pulp nests.
This citrus fruit is a one of oldest cultivated fruits. Already in 500 BC Orange is mentioned in the collection of ancient written sources, which are believed to belong to Confucius himself. In 1178 AD Chinese horticulturist wrote about these fruits and mentioned seedless oranges. This writer spoke of the 27 varieties of very different and precious oranges.
Oranges went from China, they were brought to India, and from there spread throughout the world, and they have taken root where the climate for their cultivation was quite soft. Sour orange, or Naranjo, as it was called in Sanskrit (mention dates back to about 100 AD), was being cultivated in the Mediterraneans long before fall of Roman Empire. Sweet variety, or Airavata, long was extended up to the XV century.
It is believed that this fruit has brought Spanish explorers. In California oranges were grown in Mission San Diego in 1769, and in 1804 around San Gabriel Mission grew 400 seedlings, and get a rather impressive grove.
Buy your very first orange, appeared in the early harvest of these fruits, because they are richer than all minerals. Ripe oranges on the tree contain more micronutrients. Orange better strong and heavy, with a good skin saturated color. It can be different, depending on the variety. Nesochnye pale oranges. Avoid soft, flabby or damaged fruit with soft or darkened areas of the fruit. If you want to keep for a while orange juice, put it in the refrigerator in a container that is not available for air infiltration.
On the classification of sub-tropical fruit and orange contains citric acid in an amount of 1.5%. Fruit with an alkaline reaction is best to consume along with other tropical and subtropical fruits, acid fruits, as well as nuts and milk.
Essential oil of orange (Citrus aurantium var. Dulcis, Citrus sinensis)
February 26, 2009, Aroma
Category: Essential oils
Family: Rutaceae or citrus.
Description of essential oils: yellowish fluid.
Aroma: Basic — fruity, warm and sweet. The upper tone — a fresh, medium — bitter, lower — dusty.
Class: aromatic adaptogen.
Essential oil of orange evens mood, eliminating depression, anxiety, sadness. It helps to look at the world easier and more fun to get away from negativity. Increases of optimism and faith in ourselves. Restores aura after a long illness.
The most famous cosmetic effect of essential oil of orange — is cellulite. Oil improving skin elasticity and stimulates regeneration. Suitable for dry skin that needs vitamins. For a quick, even tan without burning is and stains can ingest 1-2 drops of orange oil with the juice.
Orange oil increases visual acuity, accommodative eye muscles relax under heavy loading and hypovitaminosis. Eliminates inflammation and bleeding gums. Removes the destructive changes of tissues in periodontal tissue.
Essential oil of orange — light cholagogue. It normalizes carbohydrate and fat balance in the body, helps cleanse the body of «toxins.» Ingestion can increase appetite.
Essential oil of orange — a good stimulant protective and regenerative functions.
Methods of using essential oils of orange:
Oil burner: 3-6 drops per 17 square meters.
Bath: 3-6 drops.
Massage: 6-10 drops to 10-20 g of the base oil.
Applications: in the treatment of gum blend of orange essential oil with a base oil in the ratio of 1:1, wet applicator and apply to affected area.
Sauna, Bath: 10 drops to 15 square meters.
Cosmetics, oils: 5 drops per 15 g basis.
Contraindications: Not applied to the skin in less than an hour before going outside, because fotosensebilizatsiya possible.
When applying essential oils of orange skin and during bathing may intense tingling and burning for 2-3 minutes mainly in the abdomen, buttocks, thighs and shoulders. This reaction is natural.
People who have a cold or a little unwell and need to continue with their daily chores or go to work, make for yourself an unexpected and pleasant discovery: it appears that a diet of orange juice or citrus juice best thing after staying in bed.
High temperature or arthritis drink orange a juice when you want. Drink orange juice as if the first soft or low-calorie diet.
100 g of an orange contains:
• Proteins — 0.93 g
• Fat — 0.22 g
• Carbohydrates — 10.3 g (including mono-and di-saccharides — 8.1 g)
• Dietary fiber (fiber) — 1.43 g
• Pectin — 0.6 g
• Organic acids — 1.36 g
• Ash — 0.53 g
• Vitamins A — 0.052 mg
• Vitamins B1 (thiamine) — 0.042 mg
• Vitamins B2 (riboflavin) — 0.0367 mg
• Folic acid (vitamins B9) — 5 mg
• Niacin (vitamin PP) — 0.23 mg
• Vitamins C (ascorbic acid) — 63 mg
• Vitamins E (Tocopherol) — 0.22 mg
• Potassium — 194 mg
• Calcium — 32 mg
• Magnesium — 13,6 mg
• Sodium — 13 mg
• Phosphorus — 23 mg
• Iron — 297 mg
• Iodine — 2,7 mg
• Cobalt — 1,2 mg
• Manganese — 30 mcg
• Copper — 67 mcg
• Fluoride — 17 mcg
• Zinc — 200 g
100 g orange on average contains about 40 calories.
Useful properties of orange
Orange has long been known not only for great taste, but also for its medicinal properties. Eating oranges in food:
• improves immunity
• improves appetite
• reduces fatigue
• reduces puffiness
• contributes to the rapid recovery of wounds
• normalizes metabolism, helping in the fight against obesity and improves the digestive system (increase motor function of the colon and reduce it putrefactive processes)
• assists in the control of hypertension and atherosclerosis (reduces the permeability of the walls of the blood vessels)
• effective in the treatment of gout, chronic diseases of the gallbladder, as well as for the prevention and treatment of hypovitaminosis
Orange juice in its pure form is used for the integrated treatment of cancer, gastritis and colitis, anemia, hypertension, atherosclerosis, scurvy, obesity, infections, and colds. It is also useful in disorders of the liver and biliary tract, edema, constipation, flatulence, kidney disease, bleeding disorders, and other types of gum bleeding, to treat skin diseases.
Decoctions of orange peel is used to treat rheumatism and heart failure.
Therapeutic use of orange
You should not use orange juice just before meals, as this can disrupt digestion.
Diabetics should not drink orange juice with sugar or honey.
Oranges also contraindicated in ulcers and gastritis (especially in the acidity of gastric juice) and inflammation of the pancreas or the walls of the small intestine.
Some children may be allergic to oranges after a break in their use. If you regularly introduced into the diet of the child gradually increasing amounts of orange juice, adding it to beverages that are completing a meal, then in most cases it can take an allergy or significantly reduced.