In Latin name: Prúnus pérsica: «Persian (plum)"
In English name: peach
Belongs to the family: Pink (Rosaceae), a subfamily of almond (Amygdaloidex s. Prunoidex).
Used in the home of the peach: fruit, bone, seeds
Botanical description: a tree with serrated, lanceolate, leaves, and «sedentary» pink flowers. Bone wrinkled, dotted with dimples.
Peach, as a culture, is presented trees of small size, and sometimes a sprawling shrub. Peach — is high yielding, early appearance of fruit culture. As a rule, begins fruiting osuschestvlyaetsya to second for the third year after planting a tree. Life expectancy for shrubs around 10-12 years.Flowering: April-May
Propagation: vegetative and seed
Peach fruit: ball-shaped, velvety, with a groove on one side.
Habitat: actively cultivate in warmer parts of the temperate zone of Eurasia: Central Asia, Ukraine, the Caucasus, North Caucasus (Russia), in France and in America.
The constituent elements of a peach.
The composition of 100 g. Peach includes:
- Water — 88.9 g
- Protein — 0.9g
- Fat — 0.3 g
- Carbohydrates — 9.5 g
- Dietary Fiber — 1.5 g
Vitamins that are part of the peach:
- A (beta carotene) — 162 mcg
- S — 6.6 mg
- K (phylloquinone) — 2.6 mg
- B5 (pantothenic acid) — 0.15 mg
- B1 (thiamine) — 0.02 mg
- B6 (pyridoxine) — 0.03 mg
- B3 (niacin) — 0.8 mg
- E (tocopherol) — 0.7 mg
- B2 (riboflavin) — 0.03 mg
Macronutrients in the peach:
- Potassium — 190 mg
- Magnesium — 9 mg
- Calcium — 6 mg
- Phosphorus — 20 mg
- Sodium — 0 mg
Trace elements in the peach:
- Iron — 0.3 mg
- Copper — 90 mcg
- Zinc — 0.17 mg
- Manganese — 9mg
- Selenium — 0.1 mcg
- Fluoride — 4 mg
Energy value per 100g of raspberries:
- about 46 kcal
The fruits are edible, common canned peach fruit, compotes, jams, etc. Peach kernel may cooking liquor. Seeds, yavlyayutsya raw material for the manufacture of peach butter.
The use of a peach
For people with cardiovascular disease, dementia, forgetfulness use peach fruit is immeasurable! Potassium and phosphorus strengthen the walls of blood vessels, significantly improve functioning of the brain. Peaches are able to relieve stress, eliminate nervousness. In anemia peaches — irreplaceable. Especially useful peaches for pregnant women, adolescents and children. In cosmetics, the peach is used to make sanitary face masks.
Damage to the peach
First, peach — allergenic product. Peaches have to abandon those who have hyperacidity, who suffers from diabetes, obesity peach undesirable.
Peaches is quite demanding on the climate, but not whimsical to the soil, it is only important quality drainage. Life expectancy of a peach tree is on average 30-40 years. There is a winter and summer pruning a tree, so that its height does not exceed 4 meters. This contributes to the maturation of the larger fruits, facilitates spraying, harvesting.
Greensboro — produced in the United States, is common in the North Caucasus region. The fruit is large, oval. Color from bright crimson to burgundy. Flesh greenish-cream, fibrous, juicy, sweet and sour. Bone is average, not separates, often cracked, obovate. Advantages: high yield, early maturity. Dagestan Gold — common in Dagestan. The fruit is oval-oblong, laterally compressed, yellow with carmine red. The peduncle is short, broad funnel. Flesh is orange-yellow, honey. Advantages: annual fruiting, fruit weight up to 130g. The fruits ripen at the same time.
Dzhaminat — seedling of unknown origin. The fruits are large, oval-oblong, sides pressed. Flesh is orange-yellow, tender, sweet with sour. Advantages: spring frost flower buds are not damaged.
Crimean flat — the average size of the fetus, weighing 90-95g. Pink-red flesh pale cream, vysokosaharistaya, juicy. Advantages: high yield, winter-hardy.Best Hungarian — Hungarian brand. Fruit of medium size, weighing up to 80g ot45. Advantages: edible even bone.
Juicy — the fruit is rounded, cream color. Flesh greenish-cream, juicy. The fruits are large (150-200 g). Advantages: The fruit is large to 200g, rich aroma.
Redheyven — common in the Crimea, the variety of the United States. High yield. The fruit is quite large, round, orange-yellow with a blush. The flesh is juicy, aromatic. Advantages: winter-hardy variety, resistant to spring frosts, curl.
Favorite — Early variety. The fruit is medium-sized, yellow-green. Flesh is yellow-orange, juicy. Advantages: high yield, fruit universal use.