Latin name: Ananas comosus
English Name: Pineapple.
Family: Bromeliads — Bromeliaceae
Used parts pineapple: stem.
Laboratory Name: Pineapple Juice — Ananas succus (previously: Succus Ananas, Abacaxi).
Botanical description. Birthplace of the herb, apparently — Central and South America, and the islands of the West Indies. There it is also found in wild state (wild), although primarily grown its various cultural forms. Pineapple cultivated in the tropics of Africa and Asia.
Cultural form of pineapple — a perennial plant with a rosette of leaves. Curved leaves of pineapple have thorns, mainly on the edges. In the third year of the rosette of leaves grows peduncle, which is on top of purple flowers. What is popularly called the pineapple is a big juicy stem.
Collection and preparation. Harvested ripe fruit pineapple, free them from external skins and squeeze out juice.
The active ingredients of pineapple. The most important active ingredient — bromelain — an enzyme that normalizes impaired digestion of proteins. Along with it there are sugar, vitamin C and a small amount of essential oil.
Pineapple — useful properties and applications
Are mainly dedicated pure bromelain, which is included in a variety of medications for gastrointestinal diseases, since it facilitates the absorption of proteins.
Bromelain is a part of dietary supplements Digestive enzymes produced by pharmaceutical standard GMP.
All this makes the pineapple excellent source of nutrients in the diet of modern man. Its very popular in recent times have to keep in pineapple fruit pulp bromelain — a mixture of enzymes that break down proteins.
Side effects of pineapple Pineapple is not desirable to use in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, as Bromelain is a glycoprotein nature and may be sensitizing.
In 100 g. Pineapple contains:
• Proteins — 0.43 g
• Fat — 0.19 g
• Carbohydrates — 10.62 g (including mono-and di-saccharides — 10.2 g)
• Fiber — 0.4 g
• Organic acids — 0.72 g
• Ash — 0.71 g
• Vitamins A (beta-carotene) — 0.041 mg
• Vitamins C (ascorbic acid) — 19,5 mg
• Vitamins B1 (thiamine) — 0.081 mg
• Vitamins B2 (riboflavin) — 0.035 mg
• Niacin (vitamins PP) — 0.21 mg
• Potassium — 319 mg
• Calcium — 17 mg
• Magnesium — 10,7 mg
• Sodium — 23,7 mg
• Phosphorus — 10,1 mg
• Iron — 300 mg
100 g pineapples contains on average about 51 calories.
Do you see what amazing facts are hidden from us? The approach to every aspect of power wisely and do not let yourself dupe unprecedented promises!
King of tropical fruit pineapple, everywhere is beautiful in the shop windows, had not a novelty even residents of the northern regions. Juicy berry scaly dress in luxurious special demand in the winter season. And no wonder. After all, the pineapple is rich in substances that help prevent vitamin A deficiency.
Pineapple is considered the birthplace of Brazil, Paraguay, where it occurs in the wild.
• cosmetic mask:
oily skin useful to wipe her face with fresh slice of pineapple
Pineapple juice contains very few calories — 56 calories per 100 grams of fruit, which is important for a balanced diet, especially with increased body weight.
In Pineapple contains the enzyme bromelain wonder which of them was first isolated in 1891. 100 years later, it began to be used for the production of drugs, and produce effective supplements.
However, the classic advertising postulate that 1 g of bromelain is able to cleave 900 g fat, was just beautiful (but so tempting!) Myth. The fact that bromelain — is a proteolytic enzyme that is He is able to cleave only the whites. But on the digestion of protein foods (meat, beans, and fish), the pineapple is really a very positive effect! So plentiful meal with a clear conscience can drink pineapple juice or a slice of pineapple jam.
Slimming essential to reduce the feeling of hunger. Due to the large amount of fiber pineapple copes with this task. If you regularly include in your diet pineapple, you will notice that the «starve the worm» will be much easier. Therefore, one fasting day a week (1 kg pineapple divided by 3-4 hours) will allow you to lose weight by 0.5-0.7 kg.
However, people with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcers and acidity of gastric juice pineapple in large quantities contra ...
Sophia Loren has admitted that the secret of its enduring beauty — in pineapples, every day, she eats one pineapple. Contained in pineapples in large quantities enzyme bromelain — and internal and external means. Pineapple pulp puree can apply as a mask on the face. Indian women are more 400 years ago began using pineapple pulp to skin care. Due to the presence of bromelain open clogged pores, removes dead skin particles it.
Pineapple — a real vitamin bomb! The enzyme bromelain — Fat Burner — increases the enzymatic activity of gastric juice. Pineapple also stimulates the pancreas and intestines. The high content of potassium helps to rid the body of excess fluid: edema, thrombosis and pineapple juice is a must! Drink a glass of pineapple FRESH recommended for nausea during the flight.
Pineapple — King of the tropics — was discovered by Christopher Columbus on his voyage to the island of Guadeloupe. The similarity of the fruit with a bump, and the apple gave the name pineapple pineapple — «shishkoyabloko", still used in the English language. In Russia XVIII-XIX centuries. pineapples grown in the Imperial greenhouses.
Pineapple can not only make the body slim and beautiful, but also benefit the skin. First of all, because it contains alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), which dissolve dead skin, saturate it with moisture and stimulate collagen production. Bromelain refreshes the skin and gives it elasticity. Pineapple extract is found in many cosmetic products: creams, masks, scrubs. The only downside is that the pineapple fruit is allergenic. Therefore, for sensitive skin must first put the mask on your wrist and check the reaction of the skin.
In order to improve the complexion and make the skin more elastic, 1 time per week recommended pineapple mask. Take 1 slice of fresh pineapple, half a banana, 1-2 tbsp honey. Prepare the sauce in a blender and apply on the face. After 5 minutes, rinse with cool water and apply a moisturizer.
Pineapple with champagne
Prepare 100 ml of sugar syrup, mix with pineapple and mango juice, champagne, and add crushed ice.
Boil the chicken breast and cut it into cubes. Then mix with canned pineapple and mushrooms. Add the lemon juice and some black pepper.
Muesli with pineapple
100 g pineapple, 100 g fat-free yogurt, 2 tsp oatmeal.
Pineapple puree mixed with oatmeal and cottage cheese. A few hours later the dish is ready.
Potato with cottage cheese and pineapple
200 g pineapple, 2 potatoes, 50 g fat-free cottage cheese, 1 tablespoon low-fat sour cream.
Pineapple into cubes. Boil the potatoes in their skins, cut in half and fill the pineapple. Mix the cottage cheese and sour cream and pour over the potatoes. The dish is ready.
Fruit salad of pineapple
3 slices of pineapple, 2 apples, 2 bananas, grapes grozdt, 0.5 cups of mayonnaise, 0.5 cups of evaporated milk or cream of the cream, lettuce.
How to grow a pineapple?
Cultivate pineapple from antiquity. Propagated by his «offspring» or apical petioles. The largest plantations in Hawaii, where 0.4 is going to part of the world's crop.
At home, you can easily grow a pineapple: from its crown, with stems removed. When buying a pineapple should pay attention to the fact that it is not is frozen. The best time to plant a pineapple — summer or early fall. Choose a pineapple with an intact crown center, lush and green leaves inside.
Step 1. With a sharp knife separate the crown from pineapple stems. Remove the lower leaves (3-4 series), to expose part of the height of about 1 cm
Step 2. Dries in a few weeks upright crown of pineapple. This helps to heal the wound of the cutting and the flow of nutrients in the root zone of the formation.
Step 3. Acquire a small flower pot with a diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the crown, always with a hole for drainage. On top of the crock, laid on the drain hole, pour a layer of pebbles or expanded clay 2 cm thick substrate for rooting — a mixture of equal parts peat and coarse river sand. For a couple of days before planting pineapple crown substrate abundantly pour boiling water. Plant the crown to the lower leaves, sprayed with water and covered with a cap of 2 liter soda bottle. This «greenhouse» should be put in a warm light place, but not in direct sun.
Step 4. Roots are formed in about a month. During this time, you can spray the leaves several times, and the land watered only when it is completely dry. And spray, and pour pineapple, always just a very warm, almost hot water. Rooted plant carefully handled at a slightly larger container. A couple of weeks after the transshipment of the «greenhouse» can not refuse.