Quince — this is the most ugly, rough fruit, which resembles both an apple and a pear, but, alas, can not boast a glossy beauty of the first, nor the juicy sweetness of the second. Which is easily converted into either the incomparable marmalades, chutneys, jellies and candied fruit, and yet undervalued, rejected and, worse, forgotten. Even the inhabitants of the warm sub-tropical areas, where quince tree is native, has long traded on his velvety peaches, figs honey, chocolate persimmons.
But quinces, perhaps, the most ancient fruit. No one knows what insidious handed Eve to Adam in the Garden of Eden. And the Hesperides, it seems, just guarded quince: scientists proved that the golden apples appeared much later. The Roman gourmet Apitsy preserved whole fruit quince in honey, diluted with sweet wine with spices. And the medieval monarchs believed quince jam for extraordinary strength aphrodisiac. And all the medicine men, healers and physicians unanimously recognize that the quince is a magical effect on digestion. Pedigree of a quince
Quince is the birthplace of the Caucasus and Central Asia, this is where it occurs in the wild. But with quince — one of the oldest fruit crops, people cultivate it for more than four thousand years. The ancient Greeks, by the way, belonged to quince with a deep reverence and regarded it as a symbol of beauty, love and fertility. Today, quince is grown in many countries — in Europe, North America, North Africa, East and Central Asia. In Central Europe, however, the quince is more often used for decorative purposes. Withdrawn as winter-hardy varieties, which are successfully grown in the Volga region. And then there are the Japanese quince — in another it is called chaenomeles. Flowers and fruits of this plant is really like a quince, but that's another story. Chaenomeles was imported to Europe from Japan in the late XVII century and gradually became one of the most beloved plants gardeners — it's a very nice Japanese quince blossoms. However, the fruits are also edible henomelesa, but they are more acidic
In quince fruit contains fructose, tannin, essential oil, and malic and citric acid.
Quince has many voystvami — tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiulcer and antibacterial. Fresh fruits of quinces are also used as a choleretic and diuretic.
A seed is used inside as a laxative, enveloping, expectorant and emollient.
Japonica or chaenomeles widely spread in gardens and garden plots as a fruit. She has a lot of agronomic traits.
From the fruits of Japanese quince are very tasty and flavorful jam, prepare compote.
Japonica or chaenomeles
The Japanese quince: grades, types, planting and care
The use of this early flowering shrub for ornamental purposes are varied: single, group and mixed planting, curbs, mixborders, hedges ...
Useful properties and dishes from Japanese quince useful properties ayvyAyva 100 g contains 8.89 grams of carbohydrates, of which 7.012 g of fructose. In the quince is a provitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B6, C, E, PP, and other macro-and micronutrients.
Potassium in the quince 144 mg, 12 times greater than sodium. And Quince is rich in malic. Many in also tartronic acid and pectin.