Raspberry ordinary — refers to the fruit
In Latin name: Rubus idaeus
In English name: raspberry
Belongs to the family: Pink (Rosaceae)
In everyday life, such parts are used raspberries : young leaflets, fruit
Botanical description: Raspberry ordinary — a deciduous shrub , perennial rhizome, twisting , woody , large number of adventitious roots .
Stems are erect. Leaves pinnate , compound, terminal leaflet with the stem . The flowers are white, gathered in racemes .
The fruit of raspberry: raspberry- red varieties are yellow and black.
Habitat: Forest raspberry growing in forest clearings that are not protected from the sun"s rays on the dumps , edges of forests, declivities . Distributed in the European part of the CIS , Kazakhstan , the Urals, Western Siberia, Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Its fruits contain up to 5-12 % sugar , up to 2 % of acids , vitamins B , B1, B2, PP, C, A, B9, E.
The constituent elements of raspberries.
The composition of 100 g. Raspberry includes:
- Water — 85.75 g
- Protein — 1.2 g
- Fat — 0.65 g
- Carbohydrates — 5.45 g
- Ash — 0.46 g
- Dietary fiber — 6.5 g
- A (beta carotene) — 12 g
Vitamins are a part of raspberries:
- S — 26.2 mg
- B1 ( thiamine) — 0.032 mg
- P ( flavonoids ) — 150 mg
- B4 ( choline) — 12.3 mg
- B5 (pantothenic acid) — 0.33 mg
- B3 or PP ( niacin ) — 0.6 mg
- B2 ( riboflavin) — 0.038 mg
- B9 (folic acid) — 21 mg
- K ( phylloquinone ) — 7.8 mg
Macronutrients in the raspberry :
- Potassium — 151 mg
- E ( tocopherol) — 0.87 mg
- Magnesium — 22 mg
- Calcium — 37 mg
- Phosphorus — 29 mg
- Sodium — 1 mg
Trace elements in the raspberry :
- Iron — 0.69 mg
- Zinc — 0.42 mg
- Copper — 90 mcg
- Manganese — 80 mg
- Selenium — 0.2 mcg
Energy value per 100g of raspberries: about 52 kcal
Practical use :
Raspberry fruit consumed fresh or frozen . Among them is a delicious jam , jelly, marmalade , juice . Raspberry wine , liquors , liqueurs have terrific taste. Leaves are often used in tea.
The fruit of raspberries used as a medicinal raw material. Dried fruits are used as a diaphoretic , and improves the taste of the syrup medicines. The use of raspberries
The people are using the fruits and leaves of the flu , colds, as an antipyretic and diuretic. Also, the leaves are used to stimulate the muscles of the uterus .
Patients with constipation , sluggish digestion also recommend raspberries. And with inflammatory bowel disease , diarrhea only use the juice from the berries and syrup .
For patients with anemia raspberry useful and indispensable. Iodine in the fruits of raspberry acts as therapeutic and preventive agent for cardiac arrhythmias , atherosclerosis . Organic fruit acids help iron absorption in the digestive tract.
Malin is not desirable to use in Your thorough research into these areas will show you which dmv drivers ed are the best. gout , nephritis .
Large-scale cultivation of well developed yet in Europe. For the cultivation of raspberries need enough sunlit land , free access to a large amount of water . Malina loves moisture, it should be taken into account in its
cultivation . It grows well on sandy soils of light , like mulching . The favorable soil pH is pH 5.8-6.2 .
Varieties of raspberries
Heriteydzh — distributed in the U.S. . Large fruit , dense , oval , dark crimson . Advantages: resistant to disease, pests . Compact bushes up to 2m . Hercules — remontant . Berry 10g , conical , dense, ruby color. Advantages: good yields.
Yellow giant — the Russian variety. Rich aroma. Yellow , round , firm berries. The largest of all the yellow varieties. Advantages: Very yield, winter-hardy berry . Very tasty variety.
Fortress — Russian variety. Stam . Medium ruby , oval , dense fruit. Advantages: winter-hardy , disease resistant , bush does not need to be tied .
Tarusa — Russian variety. Stam . Different from the high grade shoots Fortress 1.8 m, and more berries .
Morning Dew — a Polish brand. Remontant , yellow. Advantages: productivity — all summer.
Monica — Russian variety. Stam . Average berry , ruby , dense, conical, taste good. Advantages: resistant to disease, drought, frost and pests. Oreintirovochno 8 kg per bush .
August"s miracle — the Russian variety. Remontant . Prior to 10g , deep crimson , round shape . Advantages: Very sweet variety .
Unattainable — the Russian variety. Remontant . Berries — 10g , dark ruby oval . Advantages: High yields.
Diamond — a Russian variety. Remontant . Large , thick , shiny berries, the canonical form , bright red . Advantages : sweet , delicious variety. The phenomenon — a relatively early raspberries . Conical, with a rich aroma . Advantages: berry 8-12 g , the yield is about 8.6 kg per bush , high drought tolerance .
Glade — Polish variety. Remontant . The shoots do not require trellising . Round- conic , dark crimson berries . Advantages: great taste , high portability .