The name in Latin: Viburnum
Title in English: viburnum
Treat the family: Adoksovye — Adoxaceae
Used in everyday life of viburnum: fruit, leaves, bark, flowers.
Threaded tall shrub height of about 4m, with gray bark. Greenish-gray stems, with large, opposite, kidneys (up to 7 mm). Leaves are opposite, up to 10 cm, almost naked. Their 3-5-lobed plate, green with a heart-shaped base and two thread-like stipules with long petioles. The flowers are fragrant, collected in the flat end corymbose inflorescences, large outer flowers, fruit, white, bisexual, middle — small. A cup, which has 5 cloves, whisk (about 5 mm in diameter), five stamens, one pistil, short style, with a tripartite stigma, ovary bottom.
Flowering: May — July
The fruit of viburnum. Fruits — oval, red, berry-like drupe (up to 14 mm in length and about 12 mm in width), are colored in red hard, flat bone.
Habitat: common in Russia, Ukraine, Siberia, Kazakhstan, the Caucasus and Canada.
Drug, vitaminoznoe, food, decorative, a honey, dyeing plant.
In medicine used bark of Viburnum. It contains tannins viburnin glycoside, ether-like resinous material (about 6.5%), the hydrolysis of which are formed isovaleric, valeric formic acid, capric acid, acetic acid, caprylic, palmitic, butyric acid, linoleic acid and others.
The fruits of Viburnum use in fresh and processed. Of these, make jam, jam, compotes, jellies, jelly, pie fillings and sweets, marmalade, candy, as well as a seasoning for meat dishes. Fresh fruits consumed after freezing, when they lose their bitter taste. The fruits contain protein, sugar (up to 6%), acetic acid and isovaleric acid (about 2.56%), dyes and tannins, vitamin C.
The composition of 100 g of cranberry includes:
- Carbohydrates — 8.6 g
- Organic Acid — 3.32 g
- Fat — 20 mg
Vitamins are a part of Viburnum:
- Vitamin A — 2.54 mg
- Vitamin C — 82.5 mg
- Vitamin F — 500 mg
- Vitamin E — 2.3 mg
Macronutrients that make up the snowball:
- Magnesium — 1.25 mg
- Potassium — 12.4 mg
- Calcium — 2.74 mg
Trace elements that are part of Viburnum:
- Iron — 0.04 mg
- Manganese — 0.028 mg
- Zinc — 0.474 mg
- Chromium — 0.12 mg
- Aluminium — 0.01 mg
- Copper — 0.45 mg
- Selenium — 9.75 mg
- Nickel — 0.23 mg
- Strontium — 0.33 m
- Lead — 0.08 mg
- Iodine — 0.09 mg
- Bor — 3.2 mg
Energy value of Viburnum.
The practical use of viburnum.
Preparations from the bark of Viburnum is prescribed for uterine bleeding after childbirth, to prevent miscarriages in painful menstruation, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, hemorrhoids (curative effect comes on 2-3rd day). Used as a sedative drugs from the bark of neurasthenia, hysteria, epilepsy, hypertension. The fruits of Viburnum increase heart rate, improve intestinal function, increase the excretion of urine. Berries are also nominated in the renal edema and cardiac origin, hypertension, liver disease, gastritis, colitis. In alternative medicine bark recommended for scrofula, colds, nasal bleeding, juice — coughing, throat colds, skin diseases, berries — hemorrhoids, fruits and flowers — for hypertension, sclerosis, heart disease, kidney disease, online casino and as a diaphoretic. There are indications of a positive effect of fruit in the treatment of cancer, stomach ulcers, diathesis. Essence of fresh bark is used in homeopathy. In veterinary medicine, fruits and flowers are recommended to use with inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, in the treatment of foot and mouth disease, and inflammation of the oral cavity of animals.
Kalina — Medo mediocre late spring — and pyltsenos that gives support bribes. Medoproduktivnost it up — 30 kg per 1 ha. The fruits give the red paint, bark — black and green, suitable for coloring wool. Wood is yellowish-brown with a white sap is used for small items. There is evidence of the high efficiency of fruits against some bacteria and viruses.
The use of viburnum.
Kalina is widely used in modern and traditional medicine. Used not only berries, bark, flowers and liqueurs. Kalina is used as a general tonic for convalescents of people with hypertension, edema, kidney and liver, arteriosclerosis, shortness of breath, ulcers, pulmonary tuberculosis, skin diseases, gastritis, and for the treatment and prevention of oncological diseases. Viburnum berries have properties increase appetite, accelerate healing of ulcers, increase the cardio-vascular system, stop the bleeding, have antiseptic, astringent, hemostatic, choleretic, wound healing and diuretic effects.
Snowball bark lowers blood pressure, improves the digestive system, increase physical activity and has antispasmodic, tonic, vasoconstrictor, an antiseptic effect. Made from the bark of Viburnum drugs, it is recommended to use as anti-inflammatory, hemostatic agent in the delivery period, with heavy and painful menstruation, hemorrhoids, uterine bleeding, diseases of the digestive system.
Made from the juice of fresh berries poultice is used to remove freckles, for acne, age spots.
As a diaphoretic used Viburnum seeds, as well as dyspepsia. The leaves and flowers of Viburnum are used for sore throat, skin eruptions, for washing wounds.
Not recommended for use Kalina gout, pregnancy, increased blood clotting. As well as the tendency to thrombosis.