By — Latin name: Citrúllus lanátus.
By — English name: watermelon.
Refers to the family: Pumpkin — Cucurbitaceae.
Used in the home of the watermelon, inner flesh, sometimes seeds.
Botanical description: The stems are long, creeping, rarely twisted, triangular, of a thickness of 5 cm, length is 4 meters and more. In his youth, stems pubescent easily. Leaves compound has multiple facets. On the surface of the leaf is down from fine hairs. Width of the middle leaf of watermelon reaches 15-18 cm and a length up to 20 cm Leaves billed heavily cut sheet plate green.
Flowers — lodochkoobraznye, a few centimeters in width and height, same-sex have bracteoles.
The fruit of watermelon: A rather large round seed melon green, or dark — green. Depending on the variety, the fruit of different plants can greatly differ watermelon color, size, shape.
Flowering: summer, July — August.
Habitat: The plant is the homeland of the African continent. In some areas of Central Africa, are still found in the wild watermelon.
On watermelon know quite a lot, he was accepted into the food in ancient Egypt. Often, a plant, or rather the fruit were placed in tombs of the pharaohs, as an after meal.
Well grown in warm climates in the steppe areas without a lot of moisture and precipitation. For growing need, dry summers and warm winters.
The constituent elements of watermelon.
In the fruit of this plant has a lot of sugar. In the pulp is 13% sugar, which is very easy to digest. Components that much in the pulp are also — sucrose, glucose, fructose.
— Pectic substances — 0.68%;
— Calcium — 14 mg /%
— Protein — 0.7%;
— Magnesium — 224 g /%;
— Phosphorus — about 7 mg /%
— Potassium — 64 mg /%.
In addition to these elements in the fruit is melon vitamins, e.g., such as niacin, thiamin, folic acid, carotene and others.
Watermelon seeds are composed of about 25% oil. The oil is produced from these seeds, in terms of taste is not inferior to vegetable oil.
Energy value of watermelon
In 100 grams of fruit has about 38 calories.
Practical programs included
Southern countries of the world use watermelon in the form of food. From it boiled and make a lot of tasty and interesting dishes. For example, some nations are prepared from the pulp of the watermelon nardek — this dish is similar to a thick honey, which contains a lot of sucrose and fructose in its composition.
Chemical elements that contains the fruit of watermelon have a lot of vitamins and positively affect the cardiovascular system and the organism as a whole. Doctors recommend eating watermelon in case of problems with the heart and blood circulation, as well as the low level of hemoglobin in the blood.
Benefits of Watermelon
This product was used for cleaning the body, in particular for filtering renal and hepatic toxins, and other elements that enter the body when power is not correct.
In the watermelon has a large amount of water and sugar, valuable materials that are useful in the treatment of liver.
Some vitamins that are part of this fruit have anti-sclerotic action.
Admission watermelon eating stimulates weight loss, withdrawal of cholesterol and toxins from the body.
In some cases, the watermelon can harm the body. Its flesh can accumulate nitrates in itself. This may result in nausea, vomiting, body poisoning, fever and other complications. Some people may develop an allergic condition.
Varieties of watermelon:
In the form of watermelon are two different varieties of this fruit:
Citrullus lanatus var. Citroides — sort common in African countries is very common in Namibia, Botswana, Lesotto, South Africa.
Citrullus lanatus var. Lanatus — vstrechechaetsya this species only in a cultural way.
There are many famous varieties of watermelon, for example: Astrakhan, Bykov, white or watermelon, Kamyshinsky — this watermelon with green or white stripes on the surface, inside the red or gray seeds. Kherson is a well-known variety, very common in the south and center of Ukraine. Particularly noteworthy are early varieties of this fruit — chernouska, Korean, apple and raspberry cream.
Sometimes watermelon salt for the winter, like vegetables and fruits. There are many recipes for which the watermelon roll into the banks and leave for the winter.
There is a special kind of watermelon called Carolina — Cross, he reaches a fantastic size and thickness. Record the weight of the watermelon was 119 pounds in weight.