Banana






Banana fruitBanana

Bananas are fairly high in calories and can quickly recover the energy spent during prolonged physical stress.

Latin name: Musa.

English title: Banana.

Family: Banana — Musaceae.

Parts Used: flowers, leaves, roots, fruit.

Botanical description: banana — is a perennial herb with a strong root system. Banana tree is grass, so he does not have the trunk and branches. Straight from the rhizomes grow leaf stalks held tightly to each other. Outwardly, it looks like a tree trunk. At end of the «trunk» of the stems grow, «palm» leaves. Since banana — is grass, therefore, fruit plants — berry. Read more info»

Pineapple

Pineapple fruitsPineapple contains almost all vitamin and mineral.

Latin name: Ananas comosus

English Name: Pineapple.

Family: Bromeliads — Bromeliaceae

Used parts pineapple: stem.

Laboratory Name: Pineapple Juice — Ananas succus (previously: Succus Ananas, Abacaxi).

Botanical description. Birthplace of the herb, apparently — Central and South America, and the islands of the West Indies. There it is also found in wild state (wild), although primarily grown its various cultural forms. Pineapple cultivated in the tropics of Africa and Asia.

Cultural form of pineapple — a perennial plant with a rosette of leaves. Curved leaves of pineapple have thorns, mainly on the edges. In the third year of the rosette of leaves grows peduncle, which is on top of purple flowers. What is popularly called the pineapple is a big juicy stem.

Collection and preparation. Harvested ripe fruit pineapple, free them from external skins and squeeze out juice. Read more info»

Strawberry

Strawberry fruitSummer came, and with it came on our tables strawberry — very tasty and useful berry, which is also a great aphrodisiac

But what is so remarkable and useful this little berry?

Description

Strawberry — herb and berry of the same name.

Strawberry fruit are small, bright red cone (sometimes with a pinkish tinge) berries, densely covered with small stones, with juicy red pulp, has a sweet taste and characteristic aroma.

Most often strawberry gets «from the ship to the ball,» — that is, from the garden straight to the table. But besides eating strawberries fresh from its berries are also preparing jam, it is used in the manufacture of sweets and in the manufacture of various cosmetics. Read more info»

Kiwi

Kiwi fruitDespite the «youth», kiwi — one of the most popular fruit in our time, and the history of its appearance — one of the most unusual

     Lived in this world was a common tree climber — Actinidia, a native of China, and knew of its existence, perhaps only a botanist. While in the early 20th century, its seeds do not fall into the hands of the New Zealand gardener Alexander Allison. Some time later, thanks to the hard work of our gardener transformed plant, and as a result, the fruit noticeably gained weight and taste. Alexander called it the Chinese gooseberry and very soon a new fruit spread throughout New Zealand. When the Chinese gooseberry became an important export country, it was decided to rename it in all its known today kiwi. Name it appeared because of the similarity of «tail» with a bird-fruit kiwi, an emblem of the island state.

Description

Now kiwi cultivated not only in New Zealand, but also in China, Chile, USA, Italy, France and many other warm countries. Experimented growing kiwi in Russia, on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.

Kiwi fruits have a characteristic oval shape. Peel ripe brown, covered with small cannons. If the fetus is cut, then your eyes will be opened pulp bright emerald color with a lot of small black seeds, surrounding a light green heart. Actinidia wild fruits weigh no more than 30 grams, but thanks to the competent selection kiwifruit have a mass of up to 100, they are rich in vitamins and microelements, and have excellent taste. Read more info»

Grapes

Grapes fruitGrapes. Grapes (Vitis), a genus of plant of the family Vinogradov. There are about 75 species, distributed mainly in the areas of warm and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The root system is strong. Barrel — vine (in the forest community Grapes — climbing plant). Perennial shoots reach a considerable thickness. Annual shoots are long (3-5 m), thin, articulated structure. Each node shoots develop leaves, and in their bosoms Pasinkova and overwintering buds. At the lower nodes of shoots produced inflorescences located at the above — tendrils (modified inflorescences), through which the plant clings to support: in the forest — the trees, the plantations — a trellis (artificially created support). Leaves entire or 3 — or 5-lobed. Phyllotaxy alternate. The flowers are small, green, gathered in panicles, wild grape species are functionally female, male, of cultivars — bisexual or functionally female (need cross-pollination). Berries collected seedheads — clusters (brush), which differ in shape, size, density, adding them berries, the degree of branching.

Areas of cultivation. Industrial crop of grapes developed between 34-52 with. sh. and 20-40 w. sh. In Russia, industrial viticulture developed mainly in the south, Moldova, southern Ukraine, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
There are about four thousand varieties of grape culture, of which about two thousand cultivated in Russia. Most of them are unstable against phylloxera and fungal diseases. Original form, from which many of the cultural grapes, served as European wild grape, which in Russia is widespread in the valleys of rivers. Dnieper and Dniester, in the forest of the Crimea, the Northern Caucasus, Transcaucasia, gorges Kopetdag. Read more info»