The name in Latin: Melissa officinalis.
It belongs to the family: Labiatae — Lamiaceae (Labiatae).
Common name: lady luck, Bee herb, lemon grass, heartfelt joy, lemon balm.
Used part: leaves.
Pharmaceutical Name: Melissa leaf — Melissae folium (Folia Melissae) or melissovoe oil — Melissae aetheroleum (Oleum Melissae).
Melissa officinalis — is a perennial plant, with much branched stems, the height is 30 — 70 cm Leaves balm opposite, stem tetrahedral shape, with the usual
flowers for Labiatae form of yellowish-white color is sometimes pure white. Constitute false whorls in the upper leaves (in the sinuses). It flowers from July to August.
For cultivation of lemon balm in the garden, only three or four bushes. Since Melissa — is a perennial plant, propagated by division of the bush. In spring sadite bushes in rows from each other — 30 cm and 40 cm between the rows to be balm warm and moist soil. Fertilize melissa need fertilizers. Young ends of branches, can be constructed if necessary.
Collection, preparation. In gathering the leaves of lemon balm (for tea) should be at flowering plants, while leaves will have a particularly tasty and a pleasant smell and taste. Should be dried very carefully (the temperature to 40 ° C) as this will keep the leaves essential oil. Essential oil of lemon balm leaves in the extract from fresh plants by steam distillation.
The active ingredients. Essential oil (Melissa officinalis), in its composition: citronellal, caryophyllene, citral. There are also minerals, tannins, bitterness, and flavonoids.
Description of lemon balm:
Melissa officinalis — a plant family — Yasnotkovyh. The people called Melissa officinalis — bee mint or lemon mint. Homeland balm — the area from the Mediterranean to the beginning of Persia. Melissa is, and spice, herb, is cultivated by people for millennia, this plant was cultivated in ancient Greece, Rome, is mentioned in the «History of Plants» (the Greek philosopher Theophrastus).
Now the wild growing medicinal melissa: Central Europe, Southern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Middle Asia, North Africa, North America, are cultivated: Europe, North America.
The use of lemon balm:
Essential oil of lemon balm treatment — the main part of many drugs, but is very popular in the tincture of lemon balm alcohol. Apply with a neurosis of the heart and stomach as a sedative, as an external means — rubbing. Tonic effect balm is good in the cold season, will increase and mobilize the body's protective properties. An alcoholic extract of lemon balm — a great home remedy.
The leaves, young shoots of balm differ both refreshing taste, and lemon flavor, thanks to its use as a spice in food. And fresh lemon balm are added to salads, sauce, soup, mushroom dishes, meat and fish, an omelet, the cheese is added to tea, milk, vinegar, liquors and other beverages, canning or pickling cucumbers, tomatoes. Melissa officinalis is well with meat: beef, pork, lamb, venison, fish, as well as dishes with mushrooms. Dried lemon balm brewed as a tea, flavored fruit drinks, kvass, as well as beer and various other drinks.
In medicine, lemon balm is used in the manufacture of herbal medicines, medicinal teas, infusions, aromatic waters, and other medications. But the essential oil of Melissa officinalis, commonly used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, alcoholic beverage industry and food industry.
In the chemical composition of lemon balm are:
— 0.1-0.3% essential oil,
— Slime and pitch,
— Flavonoids (apigenin, ramnotsitrin, kosmosiin, izokvertsitrin, tsinarozid, luteolin, ramnazin)
— Monoterpenes (citral, citronellal, nerol, geraniol, citronellol)
— Phenylpropanoids (rosemary, chlorogenic, caffeic, ferulic, n-coumaric acid and sinapovaya)
— Phenol carbonic acid (gentizinovaya, p-hydroxybenzoic, salicylic, vanillic, protocatechuic, purple)
— Ursolic acid,
— Biologically active compounds.
— Vitamins B1, B2, C,
— Macro (potassium, calcium, magnesium)
— Trace elements (iron, manganese, copper, zinc, chromium, selenium, molybdenum, vanadium, nickel).
The properties of lemon balm, healing:
— Helps in nervous disorders, hiccups, aids in digestion.
— Is a diuretic, analgesic action, spasmolytic, promotes appetite,
— Is used for flatulence, violating the digestive system, headaches, insomnia, skin rashes, painful menstruation
— Antiemetic during pregnancy.
Soothing balm for:
— Nervous people and those with increased excitability,
— For stomach ailments and gallbladder disease.
Treatment with tea and lemon balm.
The recipe of herbal tea with lemon balm: 3 teaspoons chopped lemon balm leaves in a cup and pour 250 ml. boiled water, leave for 10 minutes under the lid. The day to drink three cups of tea, adding honey, tea is enhanced as the effect of sleeping pills.
Recipe therapeutic bath with lemon balm: melissa 60g to 1 liter of water, heat to boiling, dismiss, and after 10 minutes, strain, then pour into a bath filled with water.
Side effects of lemon balm: not observed.