Mint — garden plants and folk remedy for nausea and indigestion, motion sickness, flatulence, respiratory diseases, inflammation of mucous membranes, rheumatism, hiccup, leather disease, colic, as well as for pain relief for bruises.
Name of mint in Latin: Mentha spicata.
The English name of the mint: Spear Mint or Spearmint.
Relationship to family: Yasnotkovye — Lamiaceae.
Synonyms of mint: spearmint, peppermint spiked, curly mint.
Part of garden mint, which is used: flowering tops and leaves of plants.
Botanical inventory of mint mint garden — and a perennial herb that reaches up to 1 meter in height, but vosnovnom height from 25 to 50 inches. The leaves are shaped — oblong, ovate or broadly ovate, wrinkled, curly. Leaves pubescent on the edges and jagged. The inflorescence of crowded at the top of the stem whorls. The flowers are mint — white or pinkish color and small size.
Active ingredients of mint: mint in the garden about 3% essential oil consisting of linalool, carvone, limonene and cineole. At the time of flowering in the essential oil of mint contains: menthol, izomenton, pulegon oxide piperitona. From the oil does not stay cold sensations in the mouth as opposed to a simple essential oil of peppermint.
Description of mint
Mint — the name of the plant family Labiatae or Yasnotkovyh. The first mention of mint, and appeared in the Assyrian culture. Description of mint found on cuneiform tablets, even in the tombs of the Pharaohs Egypt. Referred to the mint, Avicenna and Hippocrates described the medicinal properties of plants of mint. The modern name «Mint» the plant has received from the ancient Greeks in honor of the nymph cops. Ment — a lover of Hades, ruler of the kingdom of the underground. When his wife Persephone found out about what Hades has changed her, transformed into a plant Mentu nymph. Hades was very upset, nothing to fix it did not work, except that the plant has acquired fragrant.
Wednesday mint is the spread in the temperate zone of the northern part of the Earth, among the 25 known species of mint, now cultivate only one — the peppermint. This type of selection has turned out by the 18th century English horticulturist.
Mint in cooking
In cooking, using fresh leaves, dry leaves and twigs, which have a cooling menthol flavor and aroma. Fresh mint is added to salads, soups, fish dishes and cheese marinade for meats, sauces, beverages, and added to the confectionery and bakery products.
American cuisine uses a mint as a flavoring for beverages and as a condiment in salads. England cuisine adds to the mint sauce for lamb and poultry. Eastern, Italian and Spanish cuisine mint is used as a spice as part pryanostnyh mixtures.
Useful properties of peppermint and healing.
Ancient Greek and Roman scholars mentioned polznyh properties of peppermint and its positive impact on the performance of the brain.
Peppermint has a soothing, choleretic, analgesic, antiseptic, and vasodilating effects. Mint is a member of a large number of medications: drops of peppermint for nausea, stimulate appetite for drugs and that activate the digestive gland.
Menthol, which is derived from peppermint oil, is used for flatulence and angina. Menthol is a member of Validol, olimetin, valokardina, ingafena, Zelenin drops, ointments and drops from the common cold, pencils against the parent bolei mnoigh and other drugs.
In folk medicine, as well as in the traditional mint used for colds, sore throat, vomiting, headache, depression, insomnia, nervous disorders, as well as for the treatment of stomach ulcers, asthma, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular and digestive diseases.
Excessively drinking mint can lead to poor sleep, decreased libido in men, heart pains.