The Latin name nasturtium: Tropaeolum majus.
The English name nasturtium: Garden Nasturtium — Indian Cress — Monks Cress. Nasturtium belongs to the family — Nasturtsievye.
Common name nasturtium: salad color, Capuchins.
Also called: garden nasturtium.
Pharmacy name nastrutsii: grass nasturtium.
Parts of nasturtiums are used: the whole plant.
Description of nasturtiums: The name «nasturtium» — the Russian, not to be confused with the scientific name in Latin Nasturtium, which belongs to another plant of another family, Cruciferae. A characteristic feature of the nasturtium are lush green plate schitopodobnyh rounded leaves are attached to the middle of the petiole on the lower side, a mounting plate to the petiole leaf is quite rare. The diameter of nasturtium leaves about 5 cm, the edges of leaves are smooth. All components of the nasturtium are juicy, orange-reddish flowers, gentle, big. It flowers from early May to mid autumn.
The habitat of the plant: the birthplace of nasturtium is Peru. In Europe, nasturtium has been delivered in a decorative way. There nasturtium growing for centuries in pots and boxes on the balconies and garden. Sometimes nasturtium found wild, though it has medicinal properties and use special plants.
Collection and nasturtiums Harvested: as an ingredient for tea nasturtium is not suitable. For the manufacture of herbal medicines used by the whole plant, and only in the fresh state. Gather the nasturtium, when it blooms.
Active substance: Essential oil (benzyl ropchichny), has antibacterial and even antifungal properties. Concomitant substance not yet fully investigated. Taken together, nasturtium has restorative powers for the protection of the body.
Useful properties and applications nasturtium:
At home in Peru, ie, from ancient times used the fresh leaves for the treatment of wounds, especially infected. Since not long ago we also began to Use of herbal medicines prepared from nasturtium for the treatment of infectious diseases that affect the kidneys and ureters, is also used for bronchitis.
Nasturtium and traditional medicine.
In folk medicine, leaves of nasturtiums, exclusively fresh, used for preparation of blood cleansing spring salads and as a poultice for wounds with a cooling effect.
Side effects of nasturtiums.
If you eat a lot of lettuce, or leaves, it may be irritation of the intestines and stomach, and kidneys. The use of herbal medicines is not a prescription can cause side experience, as well as reducing alcohol resistance.
The chemical composition of plants (nasturtium).
Nasturtium leaves contain izokvertsitrin, Salonina, alkaloids, carbohydrates, iodine, glyukonasturtsin, vitamin E, vitamin C, carotene, and iron. Flowers — antitsianovye and carotenoid pigments. As part of the seeds contain an essential oil — izotiotsiantany, based on oleic, erucic, linoleic, stearic and palmitic acid.
Nasturtium, growing up.
The soil for growing plants nasturtiums should be fertile with good drainage. You should also know that fertile soil contribute to the development of the plant mass and ample green at the same time it will be bad nasturtium blossom. Organic fertilizer plant brings bad, but good to feeding and phosphorus fertilizers and abundant blooms. Feeding should be carried out during the growing season or once a month.
Nasturtium requires moderate watering. It is very important for young plants, regular watering, which promotes good growth and development. When a nasturtium blossom, it is necessary to reduce watering, and watering only when the drying of the soil, since the plant will malotsvetno and storm leaves. Heavy soil and excess moisture can lead to rotting of the plant.
With strict care nasturtium blossom in six weeks after emergence. To bloom was prolonged, it is recommended to cut off the faded flowers regularly.
Propagation is by growing nasturtium seedlings or planting seeds in the soil. For seedling nasturtiums more suitable peat pots or cups with a retractable bottom. Seeds are sown in April, a pair of pieces in a cup, and after two weeks waiting for germination. Seedlings planted in the ground to proivodit with ground feed in early June.