In Latin name: Ócimum
In English Name: Basil
Treat the family: Lamiaceae (Lamiaceae)
Used in everyday life of the basilica: the leaves and stalks
Botanical description: The flowers of basil in the 6-10-flowered whorls, they collected interrupted brush spikelets. Calyx bell-shaped or ovate, with fruits otvorochennaya down and grow. She notched five, top webbed — wider than the others, broadly ovoid, covers the edges of two adjacent teeth. Lipped whisk with a pipe, the lower its blade, bent down, longer than the others. Four stamens, the upper sometimes appendage that resembles a tuft of hairs. Basil can reach a height of 50 cm
Flowering Period: July — August
Fruit of the Basilica: Basilica consists of four nuts, brown.
Habitat: The birthplace — South Asia, but the plant is naturally found in the Arabian Peninsula and in North Africa. Widely cultivated in Europe.
Chemical composition basil 100 g;
Nutritional value of basil:
- Protein 3.15 g
- Fatty acids — 0.04 g
- Mono — and disaccharides — 0.3 oz
- Fat — 0.64 g
- Carbohydrates — 2.65 grams
- Ash — 1.49 g
- Water — 92.06 g
- Fiber — 1.6 g
- Vitamin C 18 mg
- Beta-carotene — 3.14 mg
- Vitamin A — 26 mg
- Choline 11.4 mg
- Vitamin B9 — 68 mg
- Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) — 0,15 mg
- Thiamine (vitamin B1) — 0,03 mg
- Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) — 0,08 mg
- Vitamin B5 — 0,21 mg
- Phylloquinone (vitamin C) — 414.8 g
- Vitamin E — 0,8 mg
- The equivalent of niacin (vitamin PP) — 0,90 mg
- Macronutrients basil:
- Calcium — 177 mg
- Sodium — 4 mg
- Phosphorus — 56 mg
- Potassium — 295 mg
- Magnesium — 64 mg
Trace elements of basil:
- Selenium 0.3 mcg
- Manganese — 1.15 mg
- Copper 385 mcg
- Zinc — 0.81 mg
- Iron — 3.17 mg
- The average content of B100 g basil about 23 kcal.
The use of basil
Basil — thanks to its flavor is most often used in cooking. Use the leaves and seeds are used as a spice, or for decoration of dishes, as well as to create many sauces. We now know that basil — perfect complements dishes with spinach, beans, tomatoes. Chopped herbs basil seasoning useful omelets, cheese. Fresh basil has the greatest value. Salads and meat dishes acquire a new taste. The powder of the dried leaves should be added to tomato juice.
Fragrant basil useful for conservation: they are flavored pickles and tomato products. It is recommended to mushroom dishes.
Therapeutic use of basil:
Basil is commonly used as well as medicine. Hot infusion of its leaves helps with inflammation of the bladder and kidneys. And also for colds. The infusion of basil is considered to be useful in liver and intestinal colic, anorexia, flatulence, epilepsy, neurosis, asthma, headaches. It is believed that basil is effective in increasing the amount of milk from the breast-feeding women.
Basil can be grown at home. Sowing can be done with seeds, seedlings and sprouts of plants. At home, unfortunately, but it will be much medlennіe than natural. Basil can be grown as a houseplant, in which case it is ideal for a sunny windowsill. Watering takes place every four days. Fertilize basil need at least once a month. Growing basil in the street, has a number of conditions. First, the plant should be planted in full sun, which in turn closed from strong winds. The plot for planting basil, should be carefully loosened from the soil and weed-free. Around each plant, you need to apply an organic mulch. The mulch will prevent weed growth, and will retain moisture. You can also grow basil in special containers landing. And on the street and basil in a container needs to be watered once a week. In autumn and winter, through lack of the necessary light, basil grows slowly. The plant is well tolerated hot weather.
The use of basil
It is recommended to use basil in many disease processes, because it is very effective in relieving the patient's rights. It is often used in whooping cough, cystitis, pyelitis.
Juice made from fresh basil leaves, used in purulent otitis media. Also, the juice of basil used in wounds, it is difficult to heal. Thus, compresses or lotions do, and for a time applied to the damaged areas of human skin.
In folk medicine, this herb is used for headaches, amenorrhea, vomiting, rheumatism.
Infusion, which has a characteristic pleasant smell of basil, can be used as an additive in tea, or in place of him. You can also take baths with infusion of basil. It has beneficial effect on the skin.
The use of basil superbly stimulates the immune system of the human body. It is used to improve memory and basil can be used as a dietary means, because its juice significantly reduces the level of cholesterol.
Damage to the Basilica:
The use of basil in large quantities in fresh form, can lead to irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes, it is also possible poisoning. Also, basil is contraindicated in diseases of the cardiovascular system and diabetes. Basil, in large numbers, can not be given to children up to seven years. Basil is contraindicated in pregnant women and during lactation. The plant can cause allergic reactions, so you have to take into account the individual intolerance. It is strictly forbidden for myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, thrombosis, thrombophlebitis. Not suitable for the treatment of diabetes, arachnoiditis, hypertension, postgrippoznyh encephalitis and inflammatory diseases of the brain.