Burdock (burdock) — a vegetable. Burdock (burdock) — is a folk remedy for violations of applicable work of the liver, rheumatism, gall bladder, as well as gastritis and colitis, hemorrhoids, various forms of skin diseases, diabetes, gout.
The name in Latin: Arctium lappa.
Title in English: Burdock.
It belongs to the family: Compositae — Asteraceae.
Common names: burdock, repyashnik, lopushnik, dedovik, burdock root, burdock.
Pharmaceutical Name: (Bardanae radix) — burdock root.
Applicable parts of burdock (thistles) are used in folk medicine all parts of burdock (burdock), and in the official medicine — two-year roots.
The botanical description of the vegetable: burdock (burdock) — is a herbaceous, biennial plant is a large, referring to the family Compositae in height to 1.7 meters, the stem of burdock (burdock), straight, solid, ribbed, dirty-green, hairy. During the first year of life mug (burdock) develops only its basal leaves, and in the second year begins to stalk, and then blossoms, and after the fruits ripen dies. Burdock root (burdock), long (60-70 cm) thick rod. The leaves of burdock (thistles) are large, alternate, by type — broadly, long, green at the top, bottom tomentose. Inflorescences Noodle (burdock) — a globular basket, on top form pineal whisk. Burdock flowers (thistles) are small, purple-blue color. The fruits of burdock (burdock) — is a short little achene pappus, bristles its uneven, multilayered, rough, to the base of the free, direct attachment of the platform, falling. After maturation of noodle baskets with seeds (thistle) is easy to cling to the fur of animals (and sometimes the clothes a person). Since the seeds are dispersed over long distances.
Habitat: burdock (burdock) is often found on roadsides, under fences, walls and embankments, in a vacant lot, and pasture, and on the banks of streams.
Collection of burdock (burdock), preparation of: burdock root (burdock) harvested from September to October, both with plants of the 1st and 2nd year or in spring, before leafing, then follow the clean, washed, cut into pieces and dried in shade, or in the dryer, the temperature must be at least 50-60 ° C. Store in a wooden bowl no more than 5 years. The leaves of burdock (burdock) should be dried in the usual way. Usually kept for 1 year.
Active ingredients of burdock (burdock) in the roots of burdock (burdock) found the polysaccharide inulin (45%), protein (12.34%), essential oil (0.17%), fat-like substances, palmitic, stearic acid, mucus, tanning , bitter and proteins, sitosterol, gum and other substances. The leaves of burdock (burdock), contain essential oils, mucus, and ascorbic acid to about 350 mg%.
Burdock (burdock) — useful properties and its application
Preparations of burdock root (burdock) have a diuretic, diaphoretic, cholagogue and analgesic action, stimulates the production of enzymes in the pancreas, are laxative effect on the skin condition improves. Possess antimicrobial and antiseptic, and disinfectant properties help to eliminate itching and remove the various manifestations of allergy. Positive results were observed in the case of topical preparations of burdock root emergence seborrhea, acne, eczema, itching, boils.
Preparations of burdock (burdock) — this is a good anti-inflammatory and wound healing, and antidiabetic agents, normalize metabolism, with inulin increased leukocyte blood composition, increase hair growth, cure for stone formation and deposition of salts.
The extract of burdock root
The main medicinal properties.
Burdock extract has a detoxification effect that cleans the blood (binding free ammonia and toxic elements in the blood and transporting them to the kidneys). Burdock extract enhances the antitoxic function of the liver. It has diaphoretic, diuretic, choleretic, laxative, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory effect.
Indications for use of the extract of burdock root.
Burdock root extract for the prevention of drug therapy:
• poisoning by various toxic substances;
• surrogate alcohol poisoning, alcohol withdrawal syndrome;
• disorders of fat and carbohydrate, as well as water and mineral metabolism;
• diseases of the stomach and intestines;
• diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
• skin diseases (boils, eczema, atopic dermatitis, etc.);
• sores, burns of varying degrees;
• infectious diseases accompanied by fever as a febrifuge;
Burdock root (burdock) is recommended as a blood-purifying agent is also in violation of the liver or gall bladder, internal and external application in cases of various skin diseases.
• Recipe of the burdock (burdock), herbal tea 2 teaspoons chopped root pour 0.5 liters of cold water, and 5 hours to heat rapidly to a state of boiling, boil for 1 minute and strain.
Dose: a day for a cup of tea 3 times.
This tea of burdock root are treated the same way, and skin rash — wet, wash or wrap.
Side effects are unknown.