In Latin name: Pyrus communis.
In English name: pear
Treat the family: Pink — Rosaceae
Used in the home of the pear: fruit, leaves
Botanical description: The round or pyramidal crown tends to thicken.
Spiral Phyllotaxy broadly shaped, dark-green color.
The fruit of pear: shapechanger (1.5-4 cm long, 1.5-2 cm wide), green or yellowish color. Seeds elongated pear having a rounded base and a pointed top.
Habitat: The native pear from Ancient Greece. Pear has many varieties and cultivars.
Fruits contain sugar 5do 16%, malic acid and citric pectin and tannins, mineral salts, essential oils, vitamin C, vitamin B1, carotene, enzymes. The seeds contain up to 35% fatty oils and proteins.
Food, wood, a honey, medicine, Phytoncidic, tanidonosnoe, painting, decorative and phyto-reclamation plant. The fruits are used fresh pears, salty pickled. They are trained compotes, jams, soft drinks, juices, syrups, extracts, kvass, vinegar, pear mustard. Dried fruits are a substitute for tea and coffee.
The composition of 100 g pears includes:
Water — 83.71 g
Protein — 0.38 g
Fat — 0.12 g
Carbohydrates — 15.46 g
Dietary fiber — 3.1 g
Monosaccharides — 9.80 g
Inorganic substances — 0.33 g
Vitamins that make up the pears:
Vitamin C — 4.2 mg
Vitamin B5 — 48 mcg
Vitamin A — 23 mg
Vitamin B1 — 12 mcg
Vitamin B6 — 28 mg
Vitamin B2 — 25 mg
Vitamin E — 0.12 mg
Vitamin B3 — 157 mcg
Vitamin K — 4.5 mg
Macronutrients that make up the pears:
Potassium — 119 mg
Sodium — 1 mg
Phosphorus 11 mg
Calcium — 9 mg
Magnesium — 7 mg
Trace elements that make up the pears:
Iron — 170 mg
Copper — 82 mcg
Zinc — 100 mcg
The fatty acids that make up the pears:
Saturated — 6 mg
Mono-unsaturated — 26 mg
Poly-unsaturated — 29 mg
Cholesterol — 0 mg
Energy value of pears
Pear wood is very durable and dense, remarkably polished and lends itself to coloring, coloring with black lacquer, like ebony. Used for the manufacture of joinery and turning products, musical instruments, furniture, drawing instruments.
In folk medicine, the fruit of pear is recommended as an astringent for disorders of the stomach, a decoction of them as antifebrile, juices and liqueurs — as a diuretic.
In the bark of young trees contain tannin. In a bark, leaves, and fruit juice in the pear is dyes, with their fabric is dyed brown, pale pink and purple, yellow. Cambium layer of pears used for dyeing carpets.
Benefits of pears.
The bulb is widely used in medicine, because it has a favorable effect on the human body in disorders of gastric diseases. It also contributes to enhance the regeneration of blood and blood vessels. Benefit people affected by arrhythmia.
Pear is contraindicated for people with intestinal disorders. Also it is not recommended to eat a pear on an empty stomach or wash down with water.
Varieties of pears:
Svetlyanka — early autumn view of pears. The average height of trees with rounded fruit, greenish-yellow in color. Has a gentle, polumaslyanisty, sweet and sour taste. Advantages of this type — hardiness and highly resistant to disease.
Siberian — a technical view pears. Vigorous trees with a greenish-yellow fruit. Has a creamy, tart, sweet and sour taste. Advantages of this type — high yield and zimoustoychivost.
Same age — old, samoplodnye, skoroplodnyyvid pears. Rounded — pyramidal trees, pear-shaped fruit with a golden-yellow color. Has a creamy sweet and sour taste. Advantages of this type — hardiness, disease resistance.
Rogneda — skoroplodnost kind of pear. Fruit widely rhombic, light yellow color. Has a soft, juicy, sweet buttery flavor with nutmeg flavor. Advantages of this type — early appearance, hardiness, high yield, disease resistance.
Topic — macrocarpa kind of pear. Vigorous tree with pear-shaped fruit, light yellow in color. Has a tart and sour flavor with a strong aroma. The fruits are used to make juice and wine marinade. The advantages of this sort — hardiness, ozhogostoykost, high yields.
Skorospelka from Michurinsk — the earliest form of pear. Srednerosloe tree with a rounded, pear-shaped fruits, yellow-green color. It has a mild, creamy, juicy, sweet taste. With sour — sweet aroma. Advantages of this type — winter hardiness, early maturity, high yield.
Memory Yakovlev — early autumn, a widespread species of pear. Small, fast-growing trees. Average, pear-shaped fruit, light yellow in color. Have a delicate, creamy, sweet, juicy, semi oily taste. Advantages of this type — samoplodnye, high winter hardiness, low drought tolerance.
Peter's — summer view of pear. Fruits are oblong — pear-shaped, greenish color. Have a delicate, creamy, juicy, sour-sweet taste. Advantages of this type — winter hardiness, early appearance, frost, high yields.
Chizhovsky — late summer, mid kind of pear. Srednerosloe tree with a narrow crown. Fruits are pear-shaped, high-hardy. Advantages of species — winter hardiness, high early appearance, disease resistance
St. George's — rannezimny kind of pear. Srednerosloe tree with drooping pyramidal crown and medium density. Green, smooth, medium-sized leaves. Kidneys — Smooth, extended. Fruits are oval and pear-shaped, greenish-yellow. The advantage of sorts — hardiness, early appearance.