The name in Latin: Solanum tuberosum.
Title in English: Potato.
It belongs to the family: Solanaceae — Solanaceae.
Pharmaceutical Name: potato starch (starch) — Solani amylum (previously: Amylum Solani).
Part of potatoes are used: the tubers.
Description: The potato (potato) — herb up to 50cm Leaves are pinnate potatoes, potato flowers are white, purple, collected, usually in semiumbels. From the rudimentary leaves in the axils, part of the stem located below ground, overgrown with underground runners — stolons, which are thickening to the top, and give rise to new sprouting tubers (otherwise modified shoots). At the ends of stolons developing tubers, and it is like a swollen buds, and their mass consists mostly of thin-faceted cells, which are filled with starch, potato tuber outer part, composed of thin cork fabric. The fruits of potato (potato) — many-seeded, dark green, 2 cm in diameter potato tubers ripen from August to September.
The active substances of potatoes: 1 kg of boiled and peeled potato contains 20% protein, 40% carbohydrate, vitamin B1 (thiamine) 65%, vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 31%, 200% vitamin C, potassium (2X 100 %), magnesium and phosphorus (51%), iron (63%) and calcium (22%). Calories 800 900kkal (or 30% of daily requirement).
The composition of potatoes. At 100 g potato contains:
• Water — 76 g
• Protein — 2 g
• Carbohydrates — 18.5 g (mono-and disaccharides — 1.21 g)
• dietary fiber (cellulose) — 1 g
• Pectin — 0.73 g
• Organic acids — 0.21 g
• Ash — 1.12 g
• Vitamin A (beta carotene) — 0.021 mg
• Vitamin B1 (thiamine) — 0.093 mg
• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) — 0.056 mg
• Niacin (vitamin B3, vitamin E) — 1.3 mg
• Choline (vitamin B4) — 13 mg
• Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 0.32 mg
• Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) — 0.252 mg
• Folic acid (vitamin B9) — 10-16 mg
• Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) — 15mg
• Vitamin E (tocopherol) — 0.12 mg
• Vitamin K (phylloquinone) — 2.1 micrograms
• Potassium — 460 mg
• Calcium — 10,5 mg
• Magnesium — 21 mg
• Sodium — 27 mg
• Phosphorus — 56 mg
Trace elements potatoes:
• Iron — 0.9 mg
• Yoda — 5 mcg
• Cobalt — 5,2 mcg
• Manganese — 174 mcg
• Copper — 142 mcg
• Molybdenum — 8 mg
• Selenium — 0.4 mg
• Fluoride — 30,4 mcg
• Zinc — 0.361 mg
Potatoes contain — 80 kcal per 100 g
Potatoes (potatoes) — the useful properties of potatoes, the use of potatoes.
With the juice of potatoes were treated with ulcer of the stomach and duodenum. Here is potassium, which is very rich in potatoes, very necessary for patients whose heart disease and kidney failure. It is used for medicinal purposes potato starch (potato). It is used as a cathartic tool, as well as anti-inflammatory agent in cases of gastrointestinal disease. If poisoning should eat boiled potatoes.
Potato recipes from traditional medicine:
• anesthetic — wrap with grated raw potatoes and honey in cases of degenerative disc disease. The compress should be kept to the affected area within hours.
• If you eat a baked hypertension in the oven potatoes.
• In cases of edema of the hands or feet, clean the potatoes peeled, grated nateraem, put this potato pulp to the sites of edema, hold for 15-20 minutes, with dense swathes of «wrap» a cotton towel or terry cloth.
• Just make potato and a face mask, this mask recipe for potato face: you will need a few boiled potatoes tubers. Mash and mix them (while hot) with egg yolk plus 1 tsp. honey, a small amount of vegetable (preferably olive) oil. All the resulting mass causes a person, then wash off with boiled water. After the skin softening and moisturizing mask potato lubricates the face nourishing cream.
But the lover of natural cosmetics, I think, useful this recipe: boiled potatoes are a great value mixed with 1 tablespoon of fresh cream, add 0.5 tsp. of honey and half raw eggs. Apply ready-made gruel on face and neck. Cover the gauze, soak 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water. This mask is useful to do 3-4 times a week for 4 weeks. After 2 months of a course is repeated.
I present catalog of potato varieties in alphabetical order, separated by time of maturation
— With «*» denotes the grade included in the State register of breeding achievements permitted for use in Russia,
— ® indicates that this variety is patented.
Early maturing within 70-80 days:
Aksamit, Allen ®, Diamond ® *, Alova ® *, Alliance, Anosta, Antonina ® *, Amoroso, Ariella, Arosa ® *, * Artemis, Baron ® *, * Bashkir, Bellaroza ® *, Beloyarsky early, Bimonda, Bonus ® * Borodyansky pink, Bryansk early ® *, Varmas * Spring * Spring * white, Vineta * Vitesse ® *, Volga variety Vorotyinskiy early variety, Vyatka, Hart, Mountain Girl ® *, Darenkov ® *, Dolphin ® *, Evroprima * improved * Ermak, Zhukovsky earlier ® *, Call, Izora, mpala *, Spark *, Kamensky ® *, Caprice, Karatop * Kislovodsk ® *, Colette *, Concord, Corolla ® *, Beauty ® *, Krasnoyarsk early * Fortress ® *, Lapis ® *, * Latona, Lady Claire *, * Lady Olympia, League ® *, Leader ® *, Lotus Polish, Lubava ® *, Madeline, Maris Bard Class, Miranda ® *, Molly *, Mostowski * Neptune * Novousmansky grade, Nora ® *, Memory Kulakov ® *, Memory Osipova ® *, Penza rareripe * Plant variety, is guilty * Povirovets * Pogarsky ® *, flying *, devoted sort, sort of Prigogine, Priekule early variety Priobsky * Prolisok variety Pushkinets *, Rainbow, Red Lady ® *, Red Scarlet *, * Rica, Rosalind ® *, Roseanna ® *, * Rosary, Rubin variety, Rumyanka grade, Saxon *, Salin ® *, Samara *, Firefly Class, Sedov variety Serpanok * Scarlet variety skoroplodnost * Bullfinch ® *, Sprint *, Stephanie variety Timer * Talovskie grade, Timo Hankkiyan * early * Tulun, Luck ® *, Ukama variety Uladar ® * Early Ural ® *, Duck ® *, Falensky variety Feloks * Fioretta variety Fresco * early * Khibiny, Kholmogorsky ® *, Sheri ® *, energy class, hero of the day ® *, Yakutyanka ® *, * Jarl.
Medium early maturing within 80-90 days:
Adretta *, Isle of Jura, *, * Almere, Alvar * Archidea ® *, Bezhitsk * Snow White *, Bernadette grade, Borus 2 ® *, Breeze ® *, Bryansk delicacy ® *, * Bryansk anniversary, Valentine's ® *, bag ® *, * Inspiration, Verdi variety Vershininsky ® *, Visa ® *, * Victoria, Vital grade, Vladikavkaz variety Volzhanin * Vyatka cultivar, Gala ® *, the Galaxy Class, Goldzegen variety guslar grade, Delia variety Delikat * , Dolphin Class, right hand, * Detskoselsky *
Dean ® *, Jelly ® *, Julian Class, Good variety, Eugene ® *, Elizabeth ® *, Jeanne ® *, * Riddle, Zekura * Ilyinsky ® *, * Innovator, Ipatovsk ® *, Irbit grade, Kamchatka ® *, Karlen * Carlingford variety, Cascade Polissya variety Kemerovchanin variety Kolpashevsky * Condor *, Crown ® *, * Cosmos, Boy ® *, Red Rose * Kuznechanka ® *, * Courage, Labadie ® *, Laimdota variety Gourmand * , Lileya Belarusian ® *, Lin ® *, Lear variety, Lukyanovskaya ® *, * Beloved, Malamur * Marfona * Malachite grade, Mars ® *, Mother grade, Maestro ® *, Lighthouse brand, Mila variety Monaliza * Mozart variety Narymka * Nevsky ® *, Neptune ® *, Odyssey ® *, Oceania variety Onega grade, Opal variety Oredezhsky ® *, Joy Class, Palma grade, Pamir cultivar, Memory Rogachev ® *, Pioneer variety
Platinum * Fasting variety Predgorny grade, Winner * Radomyshl variety of Radonezh ® *, Ramsay ® *, Ramos ® *, Real ® *, * reserve, Rodrigues ® *, Christmas ® *, Romano *, Romulus ® *, Rossiyanka * Russian Souvenir ® *, Ryabinushka ® *, Sagitta ® *, * Santana, Sante *, * Sarma, Saprykinsky variety of Sappho ® *, * Svitanok Kiev, September ® *, Silvana ® *, * Tale, Sun ® *, Madam ® *, Tabor grade, Tanai ® *, Tengiz grade, Tomich *, Tulun grade, Ulyanovsk variety, plot * Torch * Folva variety Herta variety Wizard ® *, Shurminsky variety Estrella variety effect * Zhukova Anniversary ® *, Jubilee Ossetia variety
Potato and potato planting:
Planting potatoes should start from the beginning of March to May, it is very dependent on the heating of the soil. If the soil has a depth of 12-15 cm warmed about 7-8 ° C d, then we can start planting potatoes.
Planting early varieties of potatoes, followed by middle-class and at the end of potato late varieties of potatoes.
Depth of planting potatoes is dependent on many factors: the type and level of soil moisture, the quality and size of seed potatoes. If the soil is light, depth of planting potatoes to be 10-12cm, based on heavy soil depth of more than 8-10cm, if the soil is quite peaty — 5-7cm.
When potato is very important density of planting potatoes, and this depends on soil fertility and the size of the tuber: if the soil is quite fertile and fertilized tubers katrofelya planted at a distance of 45-50cm apart, on poor soils — 60-70cm. Early potatoes are planted more densely, and late varieties of potatoes — less often. When potato is the distance between rows of planted potatoes, too, is very important and should not be less than 70cm, while the area is not worth saving, potato tubers are well developed, and then the hill there will be a lot easier.
Define a way of planting potatoes. There are two basic ways to plant potatoes: it's a smooth way of planting potatoes and grebnisty way. Smooth way of planting potatoes is considered to be most successful, the bottom line is this: to lay the potatoes should be prepared in advance in the furrows and cover flush with the ground, so the site after planting of potatoes is quite smooth.
Grebnisty method of planting potatoes in the fact that the seed tubers to the surface of previously prepared the ground, but the markup, and then fall asleep on top soil, which dig between the rows. So after landing a potato plot riddled with ridges.
The technique is planting potatoes. First, mark up the site, you can do it with the help of ropes. Measure our distance between the ridges and pegs trying to drive them stretch the string or thin rope, with a markup of the beds will remain flat and will not climb up on one another.
The most popular recipes of the dishes of potatoes and potato.
• potato recipe, cooked in milk
• Recipe for potato fried in deep fat
• Recipe for Potato Stew
• Recipe for potato stew in a pot
• Granny potato
• Mashed potatoes
• Potatoes, fried in batter
• Recipe. Potatoes baked in the oven and rice
• Recipe. Potato Schnitzel
• Potatoes, baked in Polish with mushrooms
• Fried potatoes in Swiss
• The potato stew on the fire
• Potato Sticks with sauce
• Potatoes in Peru
• Potatoes Swedish cheese.
• Zrazy potato
• Potato Burrito
• Potatoes stewed with Hogweed plants
• Gulbishnik with cheese
• The dish is the Peruvian potato
• French fries baked with parmesan cheese
• French fries with baked meat
• Baked potato with meat with a lemon
• The potato stew with meat on the fire
• Baked potatoes on the fire
• Baked potato with meat
• Baked potatoes under the fish fillets
• Baked potatoes in foil and mushroom ragout
• Baked potatoes are a tomato
• Potatoes are baked in the oven with the Eastern hummus and salad
• Potatoes, stewed in Polish with sauerkraut
• New potatoes with herbs
• French fries with sausage
• Roll the potato in the Chuvash with sorrel
• Baked potato with cod.