In Latin name: Rúmex
In English Name: Sorrel
Belongs to the family: Buckwheat (Polygonaceae)
Used in everyday life of sorrel: leaves, roots, fruits
Botanical description : Annual or perennial herb , dioecious few short fibrous root. In the wild , there are about 117 species and more than 150 subtypes . Stem erect , sometimes branched, has fringed — incised bells. Its height from 25 to 110 centimeters. Arrow-shaped leaves are alternate and juicy on the palate almost all kinds of sorrel have a sour taste . The flowers are small , unisexual , reddish — green . Sorrel flowers gathered in a neat oval whisk male plants stamen ( six stamens ) , women have three stigmas .
Propagation: vegetative , generative
Fruit of sorrel: triangular achene
Habitat: Very common in the wild form is found in virtually every part of the globe , except in the far north, and South Africa. Mainly grows in the forest-steppe and forest zones in the valleys of the rivers , is also found in the steppe zone. Mostly , sorrel is common in moderately humid and wet soils . A typical prairie weed. Sorrel can be found forest edges and clearings , along roadsides fields, roads , ravines , gardens , ditches , along the shores of lakes , rivers, and in weedy areas. Almost everywhere sorrel common as a weed. Mostly growing along the banks of rivers, vacant lots , near fences , yards in the gardens , meadows, fields in the gardens.The constituent elements of sorrel .
The composition of 100 g. sorrel includes:
- Ash — 1.4 ;
- Protein — 1.5g
- Starch — 0.1 g ;
- Fat — 0.3 g;
- Organic fibers — 0.7 g;
- Dietary Fiber — 1.2 g
- Saturated Fatty Acids — 0.8 g;
- Mono / disaccharides — 2.8 g
- Carbohydrates — 2.9 g
- Water — 92g
Trace elements in the sorrel :
- Iron — 2 mg
Vitamins in the sorrel :
- Beta -carotene — 2.5 mg
- Vitamin C ( ascorbic acid) — 43mg
- Vitamin E ( tocopherol) — 2 mg
- Vitamin B1 ( thiamine) — 0.19 mg
- Vitamin A ( retinol) — 417 mcg
- Vitamin PP ( niacin equivalent) — 0.6 mg
- Vitamin B2 ( riboflavin) — 0.1 mg
- Vitamin PP ( nicotinic acid) — 0.3 mg
- Phosphorus — 90mg ;
- Calcium — 47mg ;
- Magnesium — 85 mg ;
- Sodium — 15 mg
- Potassium — 500 mg ;
Energy value per 100g sorrel : about 22 kcal
Practical use :
Almost all kinds of sorrel is often used in folk medicine as a stimulant of the liver and astringent anesthetic. Most leaves are used , in order to enrich vitamin C body or simply for culinary purposes . Sorrel can cook borsch or soup . Sometimes sorrel is used in cooking as a side dish , or to give the dish flavor and taste. For salads , or clotting ingredient for making cheese. Also, a decoction of the leaves is very useful for the following diseases : scurvy , bleeding , lack of bile , skin diseases , rashes , gastrointestinal disease.
Fresh leaves can be used as a wound-healing agent . Fresh sorrel leaves curled still stop heartburn and nausea. In raw leaves or sap is used as an agent for improving digestion.
A decoction of the roots is most often used as a pain reliever for rheumatism and back pain . Decoction is also useful in the treatment of diarrhea. Since the roots have laxative , astringent, anthelminthic , hemostatic , antibacterial , wound healing and anti-inflammatory effects .
The fruits are used for the preparation of medicinal concoctions . The fruit has antibacterial, astringent , anti-inflammatory properties . A decoction of whole plant helps with colds. In addition , sorrel can be used for outdoor applications. For example, itching , scabies or small wounds. Sorrel is used as a raw material for the production of various liqueurs. For example, alcoholic bitters helps to treat chronic cough, various diseases of the respiratory tract, throat vospalenihnyh processes . A decoction of the roots of sorrel has long been used as a remedy for tuberculosis . Water extract of the leaves of sorrel is useful in jaundice, nausea, heartburn . Decoction
of roasted fruit sorrel primarily used to treat stomach ailments. Most often, colitis , intestinal ulcers , dysentery , diarrhea .
Despite the huge number of medicinal properties , sorrel is contraindicated in renal disease , pregnancy. Sorrel can not eat people , who have a predisposition to kidney stones . Almost all kinds of sorrel have a huge amount of oxalic acid, which obrazuyut mainly in the kidneys poorly soluble salts of the body is the main enemy of calcium oxalate , it falls in the kidney as sediment or sand , which contributes to the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones. That's why sorrel referred to the risk factors for those people who have broken the exchange of oxalate . Sorrel in large quantities is harmful for people that suffer from kidney disease . Also, sorrel is not intended as a fodder crop . Since it is very difficult to be transported cattle.Species of the genus sorrel
Common sorrel or sour ( Latin name Rúmex acetósa). This species is very common sorrel . It can be found in almost all of Europe , parts of Asia, North Africa, Western Australia. Naturalized plant is used for medicinal and nutritional purposes .
Sorrel -billed ( also common following names — schavelek , sorrel small) , the Latin name — Rúmex acetosélla. Plants has a wide ecological variability , in addition to easily adapts even in modified landscapes . Easy to carry double mowing before and after flowering, but retained sensitivity to fires .
Sorrel horse (the Latin name Rúmex confértus) — a herbaceous perennial. Often there are the following names: sorrel horse , sorrel frog , moth gryzhnaya , sorrel thick. In medicine, sorrel horse used for the treatment of bleeding gastric ulcers , colitis , hemorrhoids , enterocolitis , cholecystitis , hypertension and gepatoholetsistitah .
Sorrel curly Latin name — Rúmex críspus. Common as a weed in the forest and forest-steppe zone. Can be found on the edges of fields and meadows, along streams , rivers, ditches, near housing near the roads .
The roots of sorrel curly , like all kinds of sorrel have to possess anti-inflammatory, astringent , wound healing, anthelminthic action .
The name of the dock was due to a strong root system , easily regenerated , when cut into pieces. With this trudnoiskorenimy curly dock weed.
Sorrel seaside ( Latin name Rúmex maritimus). Herb spread like a weed . It grows on the banks of the different bodies of water: wetlands , streams , lakes and rivers. Can also be found near ditches and roads . In the roots of sorrel seaside found anthraquinones ( emodin hrizofanol , fistsin ) . In folk medicine used mostly water infusion sorrel seaside . Take with urinary retention , diarrhea , " aching in the bones , " rheumatism. Since sorrel seeds are very rich in the seaside tannins , their brew is very useful for excessive menstruation.